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Malaysia Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Malaysia Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam

Geographic coordinates:
2 30 N, 112 30 E

Map references:
Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 329,847 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 328,657 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,190 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 68

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than New Mexico


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly larger than New Mexico

Land boundaries:
total: 2,742 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (3): Brunei 266 km, Indonesia 1881 km, Thailand 595 km

Coastline:
4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons
More Climate Details

Terrain:
coastal plains rising to hills and mountains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 419 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
4095 highest point: Gunung Kinabalu

Natural resources:
tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

Land use:
agricultural land: 23.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 2.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 19.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 0.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 62% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 14.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,800 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
a highly uneven distribution with over 80% of the population residing on the Malay Peninsula

Natural hazards:
flooding; landslides; forest fires

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires; endangered species; coastal reclamation damaging mangroves and turtle nesting sites

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South China Sea


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Malaysia on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malaysia Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malaysia Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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