Mauritania Issues - 2023


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Disputes - international

Mauritania-Algeria: none identified

Mauritania-Mali: there are no border disputes, but the border has not been demarcated; talks on demarcation were reportedly being held in February 2022

Mauritania-Morocco: Mauritanian claims to Western Sahara remain dormant; tensions arose in 2016 when Mauritanian soldiers were deployed to Lagouira, a city in the southernmost part of Morocco, and raised their flag

Mauritania-Senegal: none identified

Refugees and internally displaced persons

refugees (country of origin): 26,000 (Sahrawis) (2021); 98,202 (Mali) (2022)

Trafficking in persons

tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List — Mauritania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so; the government implemented a new law allowing anti-slavery NGOs to operate more freely, established a permanent anti-trafficking coordinating committee, and increased funding for its national action plan; officials conducted public awareness campaigns, helped organize a sub-regional symposium on combating slavery, and initiated three hereditary slavery investigations; however, Mauritania did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts to expand its anti-trafficking capacity; the government did not prosecute or convict any alleged traffickers, courts effectively dismissed all pending cases against alleged slaveholders from the previous reporting period, and officials did not identify any victims for the fourth consecutive year; because the government has devoted sufficient resources to a written plan that, if implemented, would constitute significant efforts to meet the minimum standards, Mauritania was granted a waiver per the TVPA from an otherwise required downgrade to Tier 3 and, therefore, remained on the Tier 2 Watch List (2022)

trafficking profile: human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Mauritania, as well as Mauritanians abroad; adults and children from traditional slave castes are subjected to slavery-related practices rooted in ancestral master-slave relationships; Mauritanian and other West African boys are trafficked within the country by religious teachers for forced begging; West African women and girls, especially Senegalese and Ivoirians, are exploited in domestic labor and sex trafficking in Mauritania; Sub-Saharan African migrants transiting the port city of Nouadhibou en route to Morocco and Europe are exploited in forced labor and sex trafficking; Mauritanian women and girls, fraudulently recruited for jobs abroad, are transported to Gulf states and subjected to domestic servitude and sex trafficking (2022)

Illicit drugs


NOTE: The information regarding Mauritania on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mauritania 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mauritania 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 06 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.