Mongolia Geography 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Mongolia Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Mongolia Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Northern Asia, between China and Russia

Geographic coordinates:
46 00 N, 105 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 1,564,116 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,553,556 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 10,560 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 20

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Alaska; more than twice the size of Texas
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than Alaska; more than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 8,082 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): China 4,630 km, Russia 3,452 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,528 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Hoh Nuur 560 m highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Khuiten Peak) 4,374 m

Natural resources:
oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron

Land use:
agricultural land: 73% arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 72.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 7%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 20% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
840 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
sparsely distributed population throughout the country; the capital of Ulaanbaatar and the northern city of Darhan support the highest population densities

Natural hazards:
dust storms; grassland and forest fires; drought; "zud," which is harsh winter conditions

Environment - current issues:
limited natural freshwater resources in some areas; the policies of former Communist regimes promoted rapid urbanization and industrial growth that had negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws severely polluted the air in Ulaanbaatar; deforestation, overgrazing, and the converting of virgin land to agricultural production increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification and mining activities had a deleterious effect on the environment

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; strategic location between China and Russia


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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