Montenegro Military - 2023


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Military and security forces

Army of Montenegro (Vojska Crne Gore or VCG): Ground Forces (Kopnene snage), Air Force (Vazduhoplovstvo), Navy (Mornarica) (2023)

note: the National Police Force, which includes Border Police, is responsible for maintaining internal security; it is organized under the Police Administration within the Ministry of Interior and reports to the police director and, through the director, to the minister of interior and prime minister

Military expenditures

1.9% of GDP (2023 est.)

1.4% of GDP (2022 est.)

1.6% of GDP (2021)

1.7% of GDP (2020)

1.3% of GDP (2019)

Military and security service personnel strengths

approximately 2,000 active duty troops (2022)

Military equipment inventories and acquisitions

the military's inventory is small and consists mostly of Soviet-era equipment inherited from the former Yugoslavia military, with a limited mix of other imported systems from such countries as Austria, Turkey, and the US  (2022)

Military service age and obligation

18 is the legal minimum age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished in 2006 (2023)

note: as of 2021, women made up about 10% of the military's full-time personnel

Military - note

Montenegro became a member of NATO in 2017

NOTE: The information regarding Montenegro on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Montenegro 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Montenegro 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 06 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.