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Morocco PEOPLE 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Morocco PEOPLE 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Population:
34,314,130 (July 2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Moroccan(s)
adjective: Moroccan

Ethnic groups:
Arab-Berber 99%, other 1%

Languages:
Arabic (official), Berber languages (Tamazight (official), Tachelhit, Tarifit), French (often the language of business, government, and diplomacy)
note:  the proportion of Berber speakers is disputed

Religions:
Muslim 99% (official; virtually all Sunni, <0.1% Shia), other 1% (includes Christian, Jewish, and Baha'i); note - Jewish about 6,000 (2010 est.)

Demographic profile:
Morocco is undergoing a demographic transition. Its population is growing but at a declining rate, as people live longer and women have fewer children. Infant, child, and maternal mortality rates have been reduced through better health care, nutrition, hygiene, and vaccination coverage, although disparities between urban and rural and rich and poor households persist. Morocco’s shrinking child cohort reflects the decline of its total fertility rate from 5 in mid-1980s to 2.2 in 2010, which is a result of increased female educational attainment, higher contraceptive use, delayed marriage, and the desire for smaller families. Young adults (persons aged 15-29) make up almost 26% of the total population and represent a potential economic asset if they can be gainfully employed. Currently, however, many youths are unemployed because Morocco’s job creation rate has not kept pace with the growth of its working-age population. Most youths who have jobs work in the informal sector with little security or benefits.

During the second half of the 20th century, Morocco became one of the world’s top emigration countries, creating large, widely dispersed migrant communities in Western Europe. The Moroccan Government has encouraged emigration since its independence in 1956, both to secure remittances for funding national development and as an outlet to prevent unrest in rebellious (often Berber) areas. Although Moroccan labor migrants earlier targeted Algeria and France, the flood of Moroccan "guest workers" from the mid-1960s to the early 1970s spread widely across northwestern Europe to fill unskilled jobs in the booming manufacturing, mining, construction, and agriculture industries. Host societies and most Moroccan migrants expected this migration to be temporary, but deteriorating economic conditions in Morocco related to the 1973 oil crisis and tighter European immigration policies resulted in these stays becoming permanent.

A wave of family migration followed in the 1970s and 1980s, with a growing number of second generation Moroccans opting to become naturalized citizens of their host countries. Spain and Italy emerged as new destination countries in the mid-1980s, but their introduction of visa restrictions in the early 1990s pushed Moroccans increasingly to migrate either legally by marrying Moroccans already in Europe or illegally to work in the underground economy. Women began to make up a growing share of these labor migrants. At the same time, some higher-skilled Moroccans went to the US and Quebec, Canada.

In the mid-1990s, Morocco developed into a transit country for asylum seekers from sub-Saharan Africa and illegal labor migrants from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia trying to reach Europe via southern Spain, Spain’s Canary Islands, or Spain’s North African enclaves, Ceuta and Melilla. Forcible expulsions by Moroccan and Spanish security forces have not deterred these illegal migrants or calmed Europe’s security concerns. Rabat remains unlikely to adopt an EU agreement to take back third-country nationals who have entered the EU illegally via Morocco. Thousands of other illegal migrants have chosen to stay in Morocco until they earn enough money for further travel or permanently as a "second-best" option. The launching of a regularization program in 2014 legalized the status of some migrants and granted them equal access to education, health care, and work, but xenophobia and racism remain obstacles.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 25.47% (male 4,441,554 /female 4,298,715)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 16.83% (male 2,873,939 /female 2,902,206)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 42.41% (male 7,039,912 /female 7,513,651)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 8.33% (male 1,404,527 /female 1,454,304)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 6.95% (male 1,081,035 /female 1,304,287) (2018 est.)


[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:population pyramid
This is the population pyramid for Morocco. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 51.6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 41.9 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 9.7 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 10.3 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 29.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 29 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 30.3 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 121

Population growth rate:
0.95% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
17.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 178
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the highest population density is found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts; a number of densely populated agglomerations are found scattered through the Atlas Mountains

Urbanization:
urban population: 62.5% of total population (2018)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.14% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
3.684 million Casablanca, 1.847 million RABAT (capital), 1.184 million Fes, 1.116 million Tangier, 976,000 Marrakech, 888,000 Agadir (2018)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
121 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 21.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 25 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 16.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 78

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.3 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 74.2 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 80.5 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 75
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
2.09 children born/woman (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
67.4% (2010/11)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.9% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 107
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.62 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.1 beds/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 98.7% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 65.3% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 85.4% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 1.3% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 34.7% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 14.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 84.1% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 65.5% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 76.7% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 15.9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 34.5% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 23.3% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - total country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
<.1% (2017 est.)
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
20,000 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
<500 (2017 est.)
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
26.1% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 45
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.1% (2011)
country comparison to the world: 97
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.3% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 61
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
total population: 68.5% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 78.6% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 58.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years (2012)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 13 years (2012)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 12 years (2012)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 19.9% (2014 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 20.8% (2014 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 17.7% (2014 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 67


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Morocco on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Morocco PEOPLE 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Morocco PEOPLE 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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