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Morocco PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/morocco/morocco_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Morocco PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
33,655,786 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Moroccan(s)
adjective: Moroccan

Ethnic groups:
Arab-Berber 99%, other 1%

Languages:
Arabic (official), Berber languages (Tamazight (official), Tachelhit, Tarifit), French (often the language of business, government, and diplomacy)

Religions:
Muslim 99% (official; virtually all Sunni, <0.1% Shia), other 1% (includes Christian, Jewish, and Baha'i); note - Jewish about 6,000 (2010 est.)
religious affiliation:

Demographic profile:
Morocco is undergoing a demographic transition. Its population is growing but at a declining rate, as people live longer and women have fewer children. Infant, child, and maternal mortality rates have been reduced through better health care, nutrition, hygiene, and vaccination coverage, although disparities between urban and rural and rich and poor households persist. Morocco’s shrinking child cohort reflects the decline of its total fertility rate from 5 in mid-1980s to 2.2 in 2010, which is a result of increased female educational attainment, higher contraceptive use, delayed marriage, and the desire for smaller families. Young adults (persons aged 15-29) make up almost 26% of the total population and represent a potential economic asset if they can be gainfully employed. Currently, however, many youths are unemployed because Morocco’s job creation rate has not kept pace with the growth of its working-age population. Most youths who have jobs work in the informal sector with little security or benefits. During the second half of the 20th century, Morocco became one of the world’s top emigration countries, creating large, widely dispersed migrant communities in Western Europe. The Moroccan Government has encouraged emigration since its independence in 1956, both to secure remittances for funding national development and as an outlet to prevent unrest in rebellious (often Berber) areas. Although Moroccan labor migrants earlier targeted Algeria and France, the flood of Moroccan “guest workers” from the mid-1960s to the early 1970s spread widely across northwestern Europe to fill unskilled jobs in the booming manufacturing, mining, construction, and agriculture industries. Host societies and most Moroccan migrants expected this migration to be temporary, but deteriorating economic conditions in Morocco related to the 1973 oil crisis and tighter European immigration policies resulted in these stays becoming permanent. A wave of family migration followed in the 1970s and 1980s, with a growing number of second generation Moroccans opting to become naturalized citizens of their host countries. Spain and Italy emerged as new destination countries in the mid-1980s, but their introduction of visa restrictions in the early 1990s pushed Moroccans increasingly to migrate either legally by marrying Moroccans already in Europe or illegally to work in the underground economy. Women began to make up a growing share of these labor migrants. At the same time, some higher-skilled Moroccans went to the US and Quebec, Canada. In the mid-1990s, Morocco developed into a transit country for asylum seekers from sub-Saharan Africa and illegal labor migrants from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia trying to reach Europe via southern Spain, Spain’s Canary Islands, or Spain’s North African enclaves, Ceuta and Melilla. Forcible expulsions by Moroccan and Spanish security forces have not deterred these illegal migrants or calmed Europe’s security concerns. Rabat remains unlikely to adopt an EU agreement to take back third-country nationals who have entered the EU illegally via Morocco. Thousands of other illegal migrants have chosen to stay in Morocco until they earn enough money for further travel or permanently as a “second-best” option. The launching of a regularization program in 2014 legalized the status of some migrants and granted them equal access to education, health care, and work, but xenophobia and racism remain obstacles.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 26.08% (male 4,459,511/female 4,319,538)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 17.22% (male 2,882,145/female 2,913,917)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 42.24% (male 6,874,144/female 7,341,892)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 7.89% (male 1,318,302/female 1,337,192)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 6.56% (male 995,620/female 1,213,525) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 50.1%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 40.9%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 9.3%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 10.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 28.9 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 28.3 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 29.5 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 124

Population growth rate:
0.99% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
18 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 100
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.8 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 197
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the highest population density is found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts; a number of densely populated agglomerations are found scattered through the Atlas Mountains

Urbanization:
urban population: 60.2% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.26% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
Casablanca 3.515 million; RABAT (capital) 1.967 million; Fes 1.172 million; Marrakech 1.134 million; Tangier 982,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
121 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 22.7 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 26.9 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 18.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 75

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.9 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 73.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 80.1 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 79

Total fertility rate:
2.12 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
67.4% (2010/11)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.9% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 101
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.62 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.9 beds/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 98.7% of population rural: 65.3% of population total: 85.4% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 1.3% of population rural: 34.7% of population total: 14.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 84.1% of population rural: 65.5% of population total: 76.7% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 15.9% of population rural: 34.5% of population total: 23.3% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.12% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 107
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
24,300 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
900 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
21.7% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 114
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.1% (2011)
country comparison to the world: 113
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.3% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 68.5%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 78.6%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 58.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 13 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 12 years (2012)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 500,960
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 8% (2007 est.)
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 20%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 20.3%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 19.1% (2014 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 60


NOTE: The information regarding Morocco on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Morocco PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Morocco PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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