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Mozambique Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Mozambique Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania

Geographic coordinates:
18 15 S, 35 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 799,380 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 786,380 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 13,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 36

Area - comparative:
slightly more than five times the size of Georgia; slightly less than twice the size of California

Land boundaries:
total: 4,783 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (6): Malawi 1,498 km, South Africa 496 km, Swaziland 108 km, Tanzania 840 km, Zambia 439 km, Zimbabwe 1,402 km

Coastline:
2,470 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical to subtropical
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west

Elevation:
mean elevation: 345 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m

Natural resources:
coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite

Land use:
agricultural land: 56.3% arable land 6.4%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 49.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 43.7%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,180 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
three large populations clusters are found along the southern coast between Maputo and Inhambane, in the central area between Beira and Chimoio along the Zambezi River, and in and around the northern cities of Nampula, Cidade de Nacala, and Pemba; the northwest and southwest are the least populated areas

Natural hazards:
severe droughts; devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces

Environment - current issues:
increased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters; elephant poaching for ivory is a problem

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the Zambezi River flows through the north-central and most fertile part of the country


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Mozambique on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mozambique Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mozambique Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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