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Namibia Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Namibia Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

Geographic coordinates:
22 00 S, 17 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 824,292 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 823,290 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,002 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 35

Area - comparative:
slightly more than half the size of Alaska

Land boundaries:
total: 4,220 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (4): Angola 1,427 km, Botswana 1,544 km, South Africa 1,005 km, Zambia 244 km

Coastline:
1,572 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic

Terrain:
mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,141 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Konigstein on Brandberg 2,573 m

Natural resources:
diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish
note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore

Land use:
agricultural land: 47.2% arable land 1%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 46.2%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 8.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 44% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
80 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population density is very low, with the largest clustering found in the extreme north-central area along the border with Angola

Natural hazards:
prolonged periods of drought

Environment - current issues:
limited natural freshwater resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; land degradation has led to few conservation areas

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
first country in the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected, including virtually the entire Namib Desert coastal strip


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Namibia on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Namibia Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Namibia Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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