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Namibia PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Namibia PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
2,484,780
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Namibian(s)
adjective: Namibian

Ethnic groups:
black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other indigenous ethnic groups include Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, San 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%

Languages:
Oshivambo languages 48.9%, Nama/Damara 11.3%, Afrikaans 10.4% (common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population), Otjiherero languages 8.6%, Kavango languages 8.5%, Caprivi languages 4.8%, English (official) 3.4%, other African languages 2.3%, other 1.7%
note: Namibia has 13 recognized national languages, including 10 indigenous African languages and 3 Indo-European languages (2011 est.)

Religions:
Christian 80% to 90% (at least 50% Lutheran), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%

Demographic profile:
Planning officials view Namibia’s reduced population growth rate as sustainable based on the country’s economic growth over the past decade. Prior to independence in 1990, Namibia’s relatively small population grew at about 3% annually, but declining fertility and the impact of HIV/AIDS slowed this growth to 1.4% by 2011, rebounding to close to 2% by 2016. Namibia’s fertility rate has fallen over the last two decades – from about 4.5 children per woman in 1996 to 3.4 in 2016 – due to increased contraceptive use, higher educational attainment among women, and greater female participation in the labor force. The average age at first birth has stayed fairly constant, but the age at first marriage continues to increase, indicating a rising incidence of premarital childbearing. The majority of Namibians are rural dwellers (about 55%) and live in the better-watered north and northeast parts of the country. Migration, historically male-dominated, generally flows from northern communal areas – non-agricultural lands where blacks were sequestered under the apartheid system – to agricultural, mining, and manufacturing centers in the center and south. After independence from South Africa, restrictions on internal movement eased, and rural-urban migration increased, bolstering urban growth. Some Namibians – usually persons who are better-educated, more affluent, and from urban areas – continue to legally migrate to South Africa temporarily to visit family and friends and, much less frequently, to pursue tertiary education or better economic opportunities. Namibians concentrated along the country’s other borders make unauthorized visits to Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, or Botswana, to visit family and to trade agricultural goods. Few Namibians express interest in permanently settling in other countries; they prefer the safety of their homeland, have a strong national identity, and enjoy a well-supplied retail sector. Although Namibia is receptive to foreign investment and cross-border trade, intolerance toward non-citizens is widespread.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 36.97% (male 463,810/female 454,735)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.35% (male 251,838/female 253,823)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 34.37% (male 408,536/female 445,500)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.35% (male 48,529/female 59,543)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.96% (male 41,912/female 56,554) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 68.1
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 62.2
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 5.8
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 17.1 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 21.2 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 20.4 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 21.9 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 183

Population growth rate:
1.95% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 49
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
27.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population density is very low, with the largest clustering found in the extreme north-central area along the border with Angola

Urbanization:
urban population: 48.6% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.63% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
WINDHOEK (capital) 368,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
21.5 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio:
265 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 35.1 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 37.3 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 32.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 55

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 64 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 62.4 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 65.6 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 189
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
3.29 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
56.1% (2013)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
8.9% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.37 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 98.2% of population rural: 84.6% of population total: 91% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.8% of population rural: 15.4% of population total: 9% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 54.5% of population rural: 16.8% of population total: 34.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 45.5% of population rural: 83.2% of population total: 65.6% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
13.8% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
230,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
4,300 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
17.2% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 119
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
13.2% (2013)
country comparison to the world: 37
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
8.3% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 9

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.9%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 79.2%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 84.5% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 56.2%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 49.4%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 62.2% (2013 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 4


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Namibia on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Namibia PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Namibia PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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