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Nigeria Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Nigeria Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Geographic coordinates:
10 00 N, 8 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 923,768 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 910,768 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 13,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 33

Area - comparative:
about six times the size of Georgia; slightly more than twice the size of California


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

about six times the size of Georgia; slightly more than twice the size of CaliforniaLand boundaries:
total: 4,477 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (4): Benin 809 km, Cameroon 1975 km, Chad 85 km, Niger 1608 km

Coastline:
853 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
More Climate Details

Terrain:
southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 380 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Atlantic Ocean
2419 highest point: Chappal Waddi

Natural resources:
natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 78% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 37.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 7.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 33.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 9.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 12.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,930 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
largest population of any African nation; significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; flooding

Environment - current issues:
serious overpopulation and rapid urbanization have led to numerous environmental problems; urban air and water pollution; rapid deforestation; soil degradation; loss of arable land; oil pollution - water, air, and soil have suffered serious damage from oil spills

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the Niger River enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nigeria Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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