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Nigeria PEOPLE 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Nigeria PEOPLE 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Population:
203,452,505 (July 2018 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Nigerian(s)
adjective: Nigerian

Ethnic groups:
Hausa 27.4%, Igbo (Ibo) 14.1%, Yoruba 13.9%, Fulani 6.3%, Tiv 2.2%, Ibibio 2.2%, Ijaw/Izon 2%, Kanuri/Beriberi 1.7%, Igala 1%, other 28.9%, unspecified .2% (2013 est.)
note: Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups

Languages:
English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages

Religions:
Muslim 51.6%, Roman Catholic 11.2%, other Christian 35.7%, traditionalist .9%, unspecified .5% (2013 est.)

Demographic profile:
Nigeria’s population is projected to grow from more than 186 million people in 2016 to 392 million in 2050, becoming the world’s fourth most populous country. Nigeria’s sustained high population growth rate will continue for the foreseeable future because of population momentum and its high birth rate. Abuja has not successfully implemented family planning programs to reduce and space births because of a lack of political will, government financing, and the availability and affordability of services and products, as well as a cultural preference for large families. Increased educational attainment, especially among women, and improvements in health care are needed to encourage and to better enable parents to opt for smaller families.

Nigeria needs to harness the potential of its burgeoning youth population in order to boost economic development, reduce widespread poverty, and channel large numbers of unemployed youth into productive activities and away from ongoing religious and ethnic violence. While most movement of Nigerians is internal, significant emigration regionally and to the West provides an outlet for Nigerians looking for economic opportunities, seeking asylum, and increasingly pursuing higher education. Immigration largely of West Africans continues to be insufficient to offset emigration and the loss of highly skilled workers. Nigeria also is a major source, transit, and destination country for forced labor and sex trafficking.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 42.45% (male 44,087,799 /female 42,278,742)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.81% (male 20,452,045 /female 19,861,371)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 30.44% (male 31,031,253 /female 30,893,168)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.04% (male 4,017,658 /female 4,197,739)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.26% (male 3,138,206 /female 3,494,524) (2018 est.)


[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:population pyramid
This is the population pyramid for Nigeria. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 88.2 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 83 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 19.4 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 18.3 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 18.1 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 18.6 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 210

Population growth rate:
2.54% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
35.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
largest population of any African nation; significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest

Urbanization:
urban population: 50.3% of total population (2018)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 4.23% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
13.463 million Lagos, 3.82 million Kano, 3.383 million Ibadan, 2.919 million ABUJA (capital), 2.343 million Port Harcourt, 1.628 million Benin City (2018)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.3 years (2013 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
814 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 63.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 69.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 57.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 13

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 59.3 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 57.5 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 61.1 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 211
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
4.85 children born/woman (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
13.4% (2016/17)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
3.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 167
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.38 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 80.8% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 57.3% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 68.5% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 19.2% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 42.7% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 31.5% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 32.8% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 25.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 29% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 67.2% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 74.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 71% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - total country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
2.8% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
3.1 million (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
150,000 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 1
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)
water contact diseases: leptospirosis and schistosomiasis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)
aerosolized dust or soil contact diseases: Lassa fever (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
8.9% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 145
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
31.5% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 8
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
NA
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
total population: 59.6% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 69.2% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 49.7% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 9 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 8 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 12.4% (2016 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: NA (2016 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: NA (2016 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 107


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nigeria PEOPLE 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria PEOPLE 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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