Puerto Rico PEOPLE 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Puerto Rico PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Puerto Rico PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
3,351,827 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Puerto Rican

Ethnic groups:
white 75.8%, black/African American 12.4%, other 8.5% (includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and others), mixed 3.3%
note: 99% of the population is Latino (2010 est.)

Languages:
Spanish, English

Religions:
Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%

Age structure:
0-14 years: 15.77% (male 270,656/female 258,073)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 13.71% (male 233,667/female 225,812)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 38.1% (male 607,954/female 669,149)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 12.93% (male 198,720/female 234,713)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 19.48% (male 281,413/female 371,670) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 49.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 27.9
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 21.7
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 4.6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 41.5 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 39.5 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 43.2 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 38

Population growth rate:
-1.74% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 233
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
8.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 222
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
8.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-16.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 217
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population clusters tend to be found along the coast, the largest of these is found in and around San Juan; an exception to this is a sizeable population located in the interior of the island immediately south of the capital around Caguas; most of the interior, particularly in the western half of the island, is dominated by the Cordillera Central mountains, where population density is low

Urbanization:
urban population: 93.5% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: -0.03% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
SAN JUAN (capital) 2.463 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Maternal mortality ratio:
14 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 6.4 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 7 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 5.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 166

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 80.9 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 77.6 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 84.4 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 32
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
1.22 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 220
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 93.6% of population rural: 93.6% of population total: 93.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.4% of population rural: 6.4% of population total: 6.4% of population (2001 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 99.3% of population rural: 99.3% of population total: 99.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population rural: 0.7% of population total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Education expenditures:
6.4% of GDP (2013)

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.3%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 92.8%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 93.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 13 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 15 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 26.6%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 28.9%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 23.1% (2012 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 44

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Puerto Rico on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Puerto Rico PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Puerto Rico PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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