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Suriname Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Suriname Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana

Geographic coordinates:
4 00 N, 56 00 W

Map references:
South America

Area:
total: 163,820 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 156,000 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 7,820 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 93

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Georgia

Land boundaries:
total: 1,907 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (3): Brazil 515 km, French Guiana 556 km, Guyana 836 km

Coastline:
386 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; moderated by trade winds

Terrain:
mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps

Elevation:
mean elevation: 246 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: -2 m lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain
1230 highest point: Juliana Top

Natural resources:
timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore

Land use:
agricultural land: 0.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 0.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 0.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 94.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 4.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
570 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population concentrated along the nothern coastal strip; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

Natural hazards:
flooding

Environment - current issues:
deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Suriname on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Suriname Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Suriname Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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