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Suriname PEOPLE 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Suriname PEOPLE 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Population:
597,927 (July 2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Surinamer(s)
adjective: Surinamese

Ethnic groups:
Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 27.4%, "Maroon" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 21.7%, Creole (mixed white and black) 15.7%, Javanese 13.7%, mixed 13.4%, other 7.6%, unspecified 0.6% (2012 est.)

Languages:
Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is the native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese

Religions:
Protestant 23.6% (includes Evangelical 11.2%, Moravian 11.2%, Reformed .7%, Lutheran .5%), Hindu 22.3%, Roman Catholic 21.6%, Muslim 13.8%, other Christian 3.2%, Winti 1.8%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 1.7%, none 7.5%, unspecified 3.2% (2012 est.)

Demographic profile:
Suriname is a pluralistic society consisting primarily of Creoles (persons of mixed African and European heritage), the descendants of escaped African slaves known as Maroons, and the descendants of Indian and Javanese (Indonesian) contract workers. The country overall is in full, post-industrial demographic transition, with a low fertility rate, a moderate mortality rate, and a rising life expectancy. However, the Maroon population of the rural interior lags behind because of lower educational attainment and contraceptive use, higher malnutrition, and significantly less access to electricity, potable water, sanitation, infrastructure, and health care.

Some 350,000 people of Surinamese descent live in the Netherlands, Suriname's former colonial ruler. In the 19th century, better-educated, largely Dutch-speaking Surinamese began emigrating to the Netherlands. World War II interrupted the outflow, but it resumed after the war when Dutch labor demands grew - emigrants included all segments of the Creole population. Suriname still is strongly influenced by the Netherlands because most Surinamese have relatives living there and it is the largest supplier of development aid. Other emigration destinations include French Guiana and the United States. Suriname's immigration rules are flexible, and the country is easy to enter illegally because rainforests obscure its borders. Since the mid-1980s, Brazilians have settled in Suriname's capital, Paramaribo, or eastern Suriname, where they mine gold. This immigration is likely to slowly re-orient Suriname toward its Latin American roots.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 24.11% (male 73,466 /female 70,704)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 17.36% (male 52,876 /female 50,913)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 44.42% (male 135,282 /female 130,327)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 7.94% (male 23,377 /female 24,085)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 6.17% (male 16,019 /female 20,878) (2018 est.)


[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:population pyramid
This is the population pyramid for Suriname. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 50.7 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 40.6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 10.1 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 9.9 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 30.2 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 29.8 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 30.6 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 118

Population growth rate:
1% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
15.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population concentrated along the nothern coastal strip; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated

Urbanization:
urban population: 66.1% of total population (2018)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
239,000 PARAMARIBO (capital) (2018)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
155 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 59
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 23.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 27.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 19.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 69

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 72.8 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 70.3 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 75.3 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 146
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
1.9 children born/woman (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
47.6% (2010)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
3.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 98.1% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 88.4% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 94.8% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 1.9% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 11.6% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 5.2% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 88.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 61.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 79.2% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 11.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 38.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 20.8% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - total country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.3% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
4,800 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
<200 (2017 est.)
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
26.4% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 42
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
5.8% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 78
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
NA
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
total population: 95.6% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 96.1% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 95% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 13.4% (2015 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 9% (2015 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 21.9% (2015 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 100


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Suriname on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Suriname PEOPLE 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Suriname PEOPLE 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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