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Switzerland Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Switzerland Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy

Geographic coordinates:
47 00 N, 8 00 E

Map references:
Europe

Area:
total: 41,277 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 39,997 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,280 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 136

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 1,770 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (5): Austria 158 km, France 525 km, Italy 698 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 348 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,350 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 195 m lowest point: Lake Maggiore
4634 highest point: Dufourspitze

Natural resources:
hydropower potential, timber, salt

Land use:
agricultural land: 38.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 10.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 27.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 31.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 29.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
630 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population distribution corresponds to elevation with the northern and western areas far more heavily populated; the higher Alps of the south limit settlement

Natural hazards:
avalanches, landslides; flash floods

Environment - current issues:
air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from agricultural fertilizers; chemical contaminants and erosion damage the soil and limit productivity; loss of biodiversity

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
landlocked; crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along with southeastern France, northern Italy, and southwestern Austria, has the highest elevations in the Alps


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Switzerland on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Switzerland Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Switzerland Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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