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Syria Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Syria Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey

Geographic coordinates:
35 00 N, 38 00 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 185,180 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 183,630 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,550 sq km
note: includes 1,295 sq km of Israeli-occupied territory
country comparison to the world: 90

Area - comparative:
slightly more than 1.5 times the size of Pennsylvania


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly more than 1.5 times the size of Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 2,363 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (5): Iraq 599 km, Israel 83 km, Jordan 379 km, Lebanon 403 km, Turkey 899 km

Coastline:
193 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]

Climate:
mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
More Climate Details

Terrain:
primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west

Elevation:
mean elevation: 514 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: -208 m lowest point: unnamed location near Lake Tiberias
2814 highest point: Mount Hermon (Jabal a-Shayk)

Natural resources:
petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 75.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 25.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 5.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 44.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 2.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 21.5% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
14,280 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
significant population density along the Mediterranean coast; larger concentrations found in the major cities of Damascus, Aleppo (the country's largest city), and Hims (Homs); more than half of the population lives in the coastal plain, the province of Halab, and the Euphrates River valley
note: the ongoing civil war has altered the population distribution

Natural hazards:
dust storms, sandstorms

volcanism: Syria's two historically active volcanoes, Es Safa and an unnamed volcano near the Turkish border have not erupted in centuries

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; depletion of water resources; water pollution from raw sewage and petroleum refining wastes; inadequate potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Geography - note:
the capital of Damascus - located at an oasis fed by the Barada River - is thought to be one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities; there are 42 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights (2017)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Syria on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Syria Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Syria Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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