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Tanzania Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Tanzania Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

Geographic coordinates:
6 00 S, 35 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 947,300 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 885,800 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 61,500 sq km
note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar
country comparison to the world: 32

Area - comparative:
more than six times the size of Georgia; slightly larger than twice the size of California

Land boundaries:
total: 4,161 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (8): Burundi 589 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 479 km, Kenya 775 km, Malawi 512 km, Mozambique 840 km, Rwanda 222 km, Uganda 391 km, Zambia 353 km

Coastline:
1,424 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

Terrain:
plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,018 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
5895 highest point: Kilimanjaro (highest point in Africa)

Natural resources:
hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

Land use:
agricultural land: 43.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 14.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 2.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 27.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 37.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 19% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
1,840 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the largest and most populous East African country; population distribution is extremely uneven, but greater population clusters occur in the northern half of country and along the east coast

Natural hazards:
flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought

volcanism: limited volcanic activity; Ol Doinyo Lengai (2,962 m) has emitted lava in recent years; other historically active volcanoes include Kieyo and Meru

Environment - current issues:
water polution; improper management of liquid waste; indoor air pollution caused by the burning of fuel wood or charcoal for cooking and heating is a large environmental health issue; soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially for ivory; loss of biodiversity; solid waste disposal

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa and one of only two mountains on the continent that has glaciers (the other is Mount Kenya); bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) in the southwest


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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