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Tanzania PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Tanzania PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
53,950,935
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Tanzanian(s)
adjective: Tanzanian

Ethnic groups:
mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African

Languages:
Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

Religions:
Christian 61.4%, Muslim 35.2%, folk religion 1.8%, other 0.2%, unaffiliated 1.4%
note: Zanzibar is almost entirely Muslim (2010 est.)

Demographic profile:
Tanzania has the largest population in East Africa and the lowest population density; almost a third of the population is urban. Tanzania’s youthful population – about two-thirds of the population is under 25 – is growing rapidly because of the high total fertility rate of 4.8 children per woman. Progress in reducing the birth rate has stalled, sustaining the country’s nearly 3% annual growth. The maternal mortality rate has improved since 2000, yet it remains very high because of early and frequent pregnancies, inadequate maternal health services, and a lack of skilled birth attendants – problems that are worse among poor and rural women. Tanzania has made strides in reducing under-5 and infant mortality rates, but a recent drop in immunization threatens to undermine gains in child health. Malaria is a leading killer of children under 5, while HIV is the main source of adult mortality For Tanzania, most migration is internal, rural to urban movement, while some temporary labor migration from towns to plantations takes place seasonally for harvests. Tanzania was Africa’s largest refugee-hosting country for decades, hosting hundreds of thousands of refugees from the Great Lakes region, primarily Burundi, over the last fifty years. However, the assisted repatriation and naturalization of tens of thousands of Burundian refugees between 2002 and 2014 dramatically reduced the refugee population. Tanzania is increasingly a transit country for illegal migrants from the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes region who are heading to southern Africa for security reasons and/or economic opportunities. Some of these migrants choose to settle in Tanzania.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 43.74% (male 11,921,393/female 11,678,536)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.86% (male 5,361,747/female 5,351,794)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 29.88% (male 8,098,183/female 8,020,289)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 3.51% (male 836,313/female 1,055,347)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.02% (male 687,118/female 940,215) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 93.4
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 87.4
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 6
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 16.6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 17.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 17.5 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 18 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 218

Population growth rate:
2.75% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
35.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 107
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the largest and most populous East African country; population distribution is extremely uneven, but greater population clusters occur in the northern half of country and along the east coast

Urbanization:
urban population: 33% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 5% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
DAR ES SALAAM (capital) 5.116 million; Mwanza 838,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.78 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
19.8 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2015/16 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio:
398 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 39.9 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 42 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 37.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 46

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 62.6 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 61.2 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 64.1 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 197
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
4.77 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
38.4% (2015/16)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.6% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 121
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.03 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 77.2% of population rural: 45.5% of population total: 55.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 22.1% of population rural: 56% of population total: 46.8% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 31.3% of population rural: 8.3% of population total: 15.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 68.7% of population rural: 91.7% of population total: 84.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
4.7% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
1.4 million (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
33,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis and leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
8.4% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 152
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
13.7% (2015)
country comparison to the world: 53
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.5% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 37

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
total population: 77.9%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 83.2%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 73.1% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 8 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 8 years (2013)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 9.4%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 7%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 11.7% (2014 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 130


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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