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Turkmenistan Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Turkmenistan Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan

Geographic coordinates:
40 00 N, 60 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 488,100 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 469,930 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 18,170 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 53

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than California

Land boundaries:
total: 4,158 km
border countries (4): Afghanistan 804 km, Iran 1,148 km, Kazakhstan 413 km, Uzbekistan 1,793 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km; note - Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea (1,768 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
subtropical desert

Terrain:
flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes rising to mountains in the south; low mountains along border with Iran; borders Caspian Sea in west

Elevation:
mean elevation: 230 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Vpadina Akchanaya -81 m (Sarygamysh Koli is a lake in northern Turkmenistan with a water level that fluctuates above and below the elevation of Vpadina Akchanaya, the lake has dropped as low as -110 m) highest point: Gora Ayribaba 3,139 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt

Land use:
agricultural land: 72% arable land 4.1%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 67.8%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 8.8%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 19.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
19,950 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
the most densly populated areas are the southern, eastern, and northeastern oases; approximately 50% of the population lives in and around the capital of Ashgabat

Natural hazards:
NA

Environment - current issues:
contamination of soil and groundwater with agricultural chemicals, pesticides; salination, water logging of soil due to poor irrigation methods; Caspian Sea pollution; diversion of a large share of the flow of the Amu Darya into irrigation contributes to that river's inability to replenish the Aral Sea; desertification

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; the western and central low-lying desolate portions of the country make up the great Garagum (Kara-Kum) desert, which occupies over 80% of the country; eastern part is plateau


NOTE: The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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