Ukraine People - 2023



43,306,477 (2023 est.)

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noun: Ukrainian(s)

adjective: Ukrainian

Ethnic groups

Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 est.)


Ukrainian (official) 67.5%, Russian (regional language) 29.6%, other (includes small Crimean Tatar-, Moldovan/Romanian-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 2.9% (2001 est.); note - in February 2018, the Constitutional Court ruled that 2012 language legislation entitling a language spoken by at least 10% of an oblast's population to be given the status of "regional language" - allowing for its use in courts, schools, and other government institutions - was unconstitutional, thus making the law invalid; Ukrainian remains the country's only official nationwide language

major-language sample(s):
Свiтова Книга Фактiв – найкраще джерело базової інформації. (Ukrainian)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Ukrainian audio sample

Orthodox (includes the Orthodox Church of Ukraine (OCU), Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC), and the Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP)), Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Jewish (2013 est.)

note: Ukraine's population is overwhelmingly Christian; the vast majority - up to two thirds - identify themselves as Orthodox, but many do not specify a particular branch; the OCU and the UOC-MP each represent less than a quarter of the country's population, the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church accounts for 8-10%, and the UAOC accounts for 1-2%; Muslim and Jewish adherents each compose less than 1% of the total population

Age structure

0-14 years: 15.9% (male 3,549,814/female 3,334,617)

15-64 years: 65.95% (male 13,856,470/female 14,705,547)

65 years and over: 18.15% (2023 est.) (male 2,680,500/female 5,179,529)

2023 population pyramid

total dependency ratio: 48.4

youth dependency ratio: 22.6

elderly dependency ratio: 25.8

potential support ratio: 3.9 (2021 est.)

note: data include Crimea

Median age

total: 41.2 years

male: 38.2 years

female: 44.3 years (2020 est.)

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Population growth rate

-0.52% (2023 est.)

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Birth rate

8.79 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

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Death rate

13.7 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

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Net migration rate

-0.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

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Population distribution

densest settlement in the eastern (Donbas) and western regions; noteable concentrations in and around major urban areas of Kyiv, Kharkiv, Donets'k, Dnipropetrovs'k, and Odesa


urban population: 70.1% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: -0.27% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

3.017 million KYIV (capital), 1.421 million Kharkiv, 1.008 million Odesa, 942,000 Dnipropetrovsk, 888,000 Donetsk (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.52 male(s)/female

total population: 0.87 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

26.2 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio

17 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

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Infant mortality rate

total: 7.21 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 8.14 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

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Life expectancy at birth

total population: 73.72 years

male: 69.1 years

female: 78.64 years (2023 est.)

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Total fertility rate

1.57 children born/woman (2023 est.)

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Gross reproduction rate

0.76 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

65.4% (2012)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 99.4% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 99.6% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.6% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0.4% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

7.6% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

2.99 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital bed density

7.5 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2020 est.)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

24.1% (2016)

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Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 5.69 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 2.44 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 0.32 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 2.88 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0.05 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

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Tobacco use

total: 25.8% (2020 est.)

male: 40% (2020 est.)

female: 11.5% (2020 est.)

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Children under the age of 5 years underweight


Currently married women (ages 15-49)

61.6% (2023 est.)

Education expenditures

5.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

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definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 100%

male: 100%

female: 100% (2021)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 15 years

male: 15 years

female: 15 years (2014)

Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24)

total: 16.5%

male: 16.3%

female: 16.7% (2021 est.)

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NOTE: The information regarding Ukraine on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ukraine 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ukraine 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 22 Aug 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.