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Vietnam Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/vietnam/vietnam_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Vietnam Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia

Geographic coordinates:
16 10 N, 107 50 E

Map references:
Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 331,210 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 310,070 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 21,140 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 66

Area - comparative:
about three times the size of Tennesee; slightly larger than New Mexico
Area comparison map: about three times the size of Tennesee; slightly larger than New Mexico

Land boundaries:
total: 4,616 km
border countries (3): Cambodia 1,158 km, China 1,297 km, Laos 2,161 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
3,444 km (excludes islands)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)

Terrain:
low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

Elevation:
mean elevation: 398 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m

Natural resources:
phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 34.8% arable land 20.6%; permanent crops 12.1%; permanent pasture 2.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 45%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 20.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
46,000 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta

Environment - current issues:
logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
extending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point


NOTE: The information regarding Vietnam on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vietnam Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vietnam Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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