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Togo PEOPLE 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Togo PEOPLE 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Population:
8,176,449 (July 2018 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
country comparison to the world: 100
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Togolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Togolese

Ethnic groups:
African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%

Languages:
French (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)

Religions:
Christian 29%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 51%

Demographic profile:
Togo’s population is estimated to have grown to four times its size between 1960 and 2010. With nearly 60% of its populace under the age of 25 and a high annual growth rate attributed largely to high fertility, Togo’s population is likely to continue to expand for the foreseeable future. Reducing fertility, boosting job creation, and improving education will be essential to reducing the country’s high poverty rate. In 2008, Togo eliminated primary school enrollment fees, leading to higher enrollment but increased pressure on limited classroom space, teachers, and materials. Togo has a good chance of achieving universal primary education, but educational quality, the underrepresentation of girls, and the low rate of enrollment in secondary and tertiary schools remain concerns.

Togo is both a country of emigration and asylum. In the early 1990s, southern Togo suffered from the economic decline of the phosphate sector and ethnic and political repression at the hands of dictator Gnassingbe EYADEMA and his northern, Kabye-dominated administration. The turmoil led 300,000 to 350,000 predominantly southern Togolese to flee to Benin and Ghana, with most not returning home until relative stability was restored in 1997. In 2005, another outflow of 40,000 Togolese to Benin and Ghana occurred when violence broke out between the opposition and security forces over the disputed election of EYADEMA’s son Faure GNASSINGBE to the presidency. About half of the refugees reluctantly returned home in 2006, many still fearing for their safety. Despite ethnic tensions and periods of political unrest, Togo in September 2017 was home to more than 9,600 refugees from Ghana.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 40.13% (male 1,646,438 /female 1,634,609)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.1% (male 779,774 /female 782,192)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 32.96% (male 1,339,150 /female 1,356,020)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.34% (male 167,575 /female 187,432)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.46% (male 122,175 /female 161,084) (2018 est.)


[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:population pyramid
This is the population pyramid for Togo. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 81.2 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 76.2 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 19.8 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 19.9 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 19.6 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 20.1 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 196

Population growth rate:
2.61% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
32.8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
6.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 135
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 99
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
one of the more densely populated African nations with most of the population residing in rural communities, density is highest in the south on or near the Atlantic coast

Urbanization:
urban population: 41.7% of total population (2018)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.76% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
1.746 million LOME (capital) (2018)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
21 years (2013/14 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
368 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 40.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 47.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 34.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 43

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 65.8 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 63.1 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 68.6 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 178
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
4.32 children born/woman (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
19.9% (2013/14)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.2% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 135
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 91.4% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 44.2% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 63.1% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 8.6% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 55.8% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 36.9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 24.7% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 2.9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 11.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 75.3% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 97.1% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 88.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - total country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
2.1% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 23
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
110,000 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
4,700 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
8.4% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 152
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
16.2% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 38
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.1% of GDP (2016)
country comparison to the world: 74
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
total population: 63.7% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 77.3% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 51.2% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: NA (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: NA (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 2.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 3.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 2.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 165


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Togo on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Togo PEOPLE 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Togo PEOPLE 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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