Haiti People - 2021


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


11,198,240 (July 2021 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

country comparison to the world: 82


noun: Haitian(s)

adjective: Haitian

Ethnic groups

Black 95%, mixed and White 5%


French (official), Creole (official)

printed major-language sample:
The World Factbook, une source indispensable d'informations de base. (French)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.


Protestant/Methodist/Adventist/Jehovah's Witness 51.8%, Roman Catholic 35.4%, Vodou 1.7%, none 11% (2016-17 est.)

note: many Haitians practice elements of Vodou in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism; Vodou was recognized as an official religion in 2003

Age structure

0-14 years: 31.21% (male 1,719,961/female 1,734,566)

15-24 years: 20.71% (male 1,145,113/female 1,146,741)

25-54 years: 38.45% (male 2,110,294/female 2,145,209)

55-64 years: 5.3% (male 280,630/female 305,584)

65 years and over: 4.33% (male 210,451/female 269,228) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 60.4

youth dependency ratio: 52.1

elderly dependency ratio: 8.3

potential support ratio: 13.3 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 24.1 years

male: 23.8 years

female: 24.3 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 167

Population growth rate

1.22% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 80

Birth rate

21.4 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 67

Death rate

7.29 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 105

Net migration rate

-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 169

Population distribution

fairly even distribution; largest concentrations located near coastal areas


urban population: 58% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 2.47% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

2.844 million PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female

total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

22.4 years (2016/7 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-49

Maternal mortality rate

480 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 22

Infant mortality rate

total: 41.29 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 47.1 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 35.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 36

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 65.61 years

male: 62.94 years

female: 68.31 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 198

Total fertility rate

2.48 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 73

Contraceptive prevalence rate

34.3% (2016/17)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 91.5% of population

rural: 55.4% of population

total: 75% of population

unimproved: urban: 8.5% of population

rural: 44.6% of population

total: 25% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

7.7% (2018)

Physicians density

0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Hospital bed density

0.7 beds/1,000 population (2013)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 80.6% of population

rural: 40% of population

total: 62.1% of population

unimproved: urban: 19.4% of population

rural: 60% of population

total: 37.9% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

1.9% (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 23

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

150,000 (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 34

HIV/AIDS - deaths

2,200 (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 43

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: very high (2020)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

22.7% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 72

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

9.5% (2016/17)

country comparison to the world: 60

Education expenditures

2.8% of GDP (2018)

country comparison to the world: 140


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 61.7%

male: 65.3%

female: 58.3% (2016)

NOTE: The information regarding Haiti on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Haiti 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Haiti 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.