Israel People - 2021


SOURCE: 2021 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Population

8,787,045 (includes populations of the Golan Heights or Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2021 est.)

note: approximately 22,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2018); approximately 215,900 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2017)

country comparison to the world: 98

Nationality

noun: Israeli(s)

adjective: Israeli

Ethnic groups

Jewish 74.1% (of which Israel-born 78.1%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 15.2%, Africa-born 4.3%, Asia-born 2.4%), Arab 21%, other 4.9% (2019 est.)

Languages

Hebrew (official), Arabic (special status under Israeli law), English (most commonly used foreign language)

printed major-language sample:
ספר עובדות העולם, המקור החיוני למידע בסיסי (Hebrew)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Religions

Jewish 74.1%, Muslim 17.9%, Christian 1.9%, Druze 1.6%, other 4.5% (2019 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 26.76% (male 1,187,819/female 1,133,365)

15-24 years: 15.67% (male 694,142/female 665,721)

25-54 years: 37.2% (male 1,648,262/female 1,579,399)

55-64 years: 8.4% (male 363,262/female 365,709)

65 years and over: 11.96% (male 467,980/female 569,816) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 67.3

youth dependency ratio: 46.6

elderly dependency ratio: 20.8

potential support ratio: 4.8 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 30.4 years

male: 29.8 years

female: 31 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 121

Population growth rate

1.45% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 67

Birth rate

17.52 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 91

Death rate

5.06 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 195

Net migration rate

2.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 46

Population distribution

population concentrated in and around Tel-Aviv, as well as around the Sea of Galilee; the south remains sparsely populated with the exception of the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba

Urbanization

urban population: 92.7% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 1.51% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

4.264 million Tel Aviv-Yafo, 1.155 million Haifa, 944,000 JERUSALEM (capital) (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

27.7 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

3 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 179

Infant mortality rate

total: 3.62 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.88 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 195

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 83.15 years

male: 81.25 years

female: 85.15 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 10

Total fertility rate

2.57 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 67

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

7.5% (2018)

Physicians density

4.63 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Hospital bed density

3 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

0.2% (2018)

country comparison to the world: 103

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

9,000 (2018)

country comparison to the world: 109

HIV/AIDS - deaths

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

26.1% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 44

Education expenditures

6.1% of GDP (2017)

country comparison to the world: 25

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97.8%

male: 98.7%

female: 96.8% (2011)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2018)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 6.7%

male: 6.1%

female: 7.2% (2019 est.)

country comparison to the world: 157

NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.