Kazakhstan People - 2021


SOURCE: 2021 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Population

19,245,793 (July 2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 64

Nationality

noun: Kazakhstani(s)

adjective: Kazakhstani

Ethnic groups

Kazakh (Qazaq) 68%, Russian 19.3%, Uzbek 3.2%, Ukrainian 1.5%, Uighur 1.5%, Tatar 1.1%, German 1%, other 4.4% (2019 est.)

Languages

Kazakh (official, Qazaq) 83.1% (understand spoken language) and trilingual (Kazakh, Russian, English) 22.3% (2017 est.); Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 94.4% (understand spoken language) (2009 est.)

printed major-language sample:
Әлемдік деректер кітабы, негізгі ақпараттың таптырмайтын көзі. (Kazakh)

Книга фактов о мире – незаменимый источник  базовой информации. (Russian)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Religions

Muslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (mainly Russian Orthodox), other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 26.13% (male 2,438,148/female 2,550,535)

15-24 years: 12.97% (male 1,262,766/female 1,212,645)

25-54 years: 42.23% (male 3,960,188/female 4,102,845)

55-64 years: 10.25% (male 856,180/female 1,099,923)

65 years and over: 8.43% (male 567,269/female 1,041,450) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 58.8

youth dependency ratio: 46.3

elderly dependency ratio: 12.6

potential support ratio: 8 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 31.6 years

male: 30.3 years

female: 32.8 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 114

Population growth rate

0.81% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 122

Birth rate

15.87 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 108

Death rate

8.14 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 83

Net migration rate

0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 70

Population distribution

most of the country displays a low population density, particularly the interior; population clusters appear in urban agglomerations in the far northern and southern portions of the country

Urbanization

urban population: 57.8% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 1.19% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

1.928 million Almaty, 1.212 million NUR-SULTAN (capital), 1.093 million Shimkent (2021)

Sex ratio

at birth: 0.94 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 0.96 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.78 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.54 male(s)/female

total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

28.9 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 146

Infant mortality rate

total: 19.59 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 22.18 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 17.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 88

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 72.25 years

male: 67.12 years

female: 77.06 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 155

Total fertility rate

2.13 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 95

Contraceptive prevalence rate

53% (2018)

note: percent of women aged 18-49

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 93.8% of population

total: 97.4% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 6.2% of population

total: 2.6% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

2.9% (2018)

Physicians density

3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Hospital bed density

6.1 beds/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 99.9% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 99.9% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0.1% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

0.3% (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 83

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

35,000 (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 67

HIV/AIDS - deaths

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

21% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 94

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

2% (2015)

country comparison to the world: 110

Education expenditures

2.6% of GDP (2018)

country comparison to the world: 146

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.8%

male: 99.8%

female: 99.8% (2015)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 15 years

female: 16 years (2019)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 3.8%

male: 3.6%

female: 4% (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 172

NOTE: The information regarding Kazakhstan on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kazakhstan 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kazakhstan 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.