Mongolia Communications - 2021


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Telephones - fixed lines

total subscriptions: 351,361

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 11.2 (2019 est.)

country comparison to the world: 105

Telephones - mobile cellular

total subscriptions: 4,418,919

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 140.87 (2019 est.)

country comparison to the world: 125

Telecommunication systems

general assessment:

liberalized and competitive telecom market; steady growth in mobile broadband, but fixed-line broadband is still an economical option; installation of a fiber-optic network improved broadband and communication services between major urban centers; compared to other Asian countries, Mongolia's growth in telecom is moderate; mobile broadband rate is growing through competition among operators with reasonable tariffs; launch of 4G LTE services by all major operators; South Korean investment in landline and cellular services; partner in China’s economic corridor project; import of broadcasting equipment from China (2020)


domestic: very low fixed-line teledensity 12 per 100; there are four mobile-cellular providers and subscribership is increasing with 137 per 100 persons (2019)

international: country code - 976; satellite earth stations - 7 (2016)

note: the COVID-19 pandemic continues to have a significant impact on production and supply chains globally; since 2020, some aspects of the telecom sector have experienced downturn, particularly in mobile device production; many network operators delayed upgrades to infrastructure; progress towards 5G implementation was postponed or slowed in some countries; consumer spending on telecom services and devices was affected by large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes; the crucial nature of telecom services as a tool for work and school from home became evident, and received some support from governments

Broadcast media

following a law passed in 2005, Mongolia's state-run radio and TV provider converted to a public service provider; also available are 68 radio and 160 TV stations, including multi-channel satellite and cable TV providers; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are available (2019)

Internet country code


Internet users

total: 735,823

percent of population: 23.71% (July 2018 est.)

country comparison to the world: 147

Broadband - fixed subscriptions

total: 317,317

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 10.12 (2019 est.)

country comparison to the world: 104

NOTE: The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.