Turkey People - 2021


SOURCE: 2021 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese

Population

82,482,383 (July 2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 18

Nationality

noun: Turk(s)

adjective: Turkish

Ethnic groups

Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)

Languages

Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

printed major-language sample:
The World Factbook, temel bilgi edinmek için vazgeçilmez bir kaynak. (Turkish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Religions

Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Age structure

0-14 years: 23.41% (male 9,823,553/female 9,378,767)

15-24 years: 15.67% (male 6,564,263/female 6,286,615)

25-54 years: 43.31% (male 17,987,103/female 17,536,957)

55-64 years: 9.25% (male 3,764,878/female 3,822,946)

65 years and over: 8.35% (male 3,070,258/female 3,782,174) (2020 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 49.1

youth dependency ratio: 35.7

elderly dependency ratio: 13.4

potential support ratio: 7.5 (2020 est.)

Median age

total: 32.2 years

male: 31.7 years

female: 32.8 years (2020 est.)

country comparison to the world: 111

Population growth rate

0.7% (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 137

Birth rate

14.54 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 123

Death rate

6.02 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 156

Net migration rate

-1.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 158

Population distribution

the most densely populated area is found around the Bosporus in the northwest where 20% of the population lives in Istanbul; with the exception of Ankara, urban centers remain small and scattered throughout the interior of Anatolia; an overall pattern of peripheral development exists, particularly along the Aegean Sea coast in the west, and the Tigris and Euphrates River systems in the southeast

Urbanization

urban population: 76.6% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 1.11% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

15.190 million Istanbul, 5.118 million ANKARA (capital), 2.993 million Izmir, 1.986 million Bursa, 1.771 million Adana, 1.704 million Gaziantep (2020)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

26.4 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

country comparison to the world: 133

Infant mortality rate

total: 19.87 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 21.58 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 18.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 86

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 75.96 years

male: 73.57 years

female: 78.46 years (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 110

Total fertility rate

1.94 children born/woman (2021 est.)

country comparison to the world: 120

Contraceptive prevalence rate

69.8% (2018)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 98.6% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 98.9% of population

unimproved: urban: 1.4% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 1.1% of population (2017 est.)

Current Health Expenditure

4.1% (2018)

Physicians density

1.85 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Hospital bed density

2.8 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 91.6% of population

total: 97.3% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 8.4% of population

total: 2.7% of population (2017 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

N/A

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

N/A

HIV/AIDS - deaths

N/A

Major infectious diseases

respiratory diseases: Covid-19 (2020)

note: widespread ongoing transmission of a respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is occurring throughout Turkey; as of 6 June 2021, Turkey has reported a total of 5,537,386 cases of COVID-19 or 6,565.62 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 100,000 population with 60 cumulative deaths per 100,000 population; as of 19 July 2021, 46.29% of the population has received at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccine

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

32.1% (2016)

country comparison to the world: 17

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

1.5% (2018/19)

country comparison to the world: 119

Education expenditures

4.3% of GDP (2015)

country comparison to the world: 86

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 96.2%

male: 98.8%

female: 93.5% (2017)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 18 years

male: 19 years

female: 18 years (2018)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 25.2%

male: 22.4%

female: 30.3% (2019 est.)

country comparison to the world: 56

NOTE: The information regarding Turkey on this page is re-published from the 2021 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkey 2021 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkey 2021 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 16 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.