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Cyprus Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Middle East, island in the Mediterreanean Sea, south of Turkey

    • Map references:
      Middle East

    • Area:

        total area:
        9,250 sq km (note - 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish area)

        land area:
        9,240 sq km

        comparative area:
        about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      648 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      1974 hostilities divided the island into two de facto autonomous areas, a Greek area controlled by the Cypriot Government (59% of the island's land area) and a Turkish-Cypriot area (37% of the island), that are separated by a UN buffer zone (4% of the island); there are two UK sovereign base areas within the Greek Cypriot portion of the island

    • Climate:
      temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters

    • Terrain:
      central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

    • Natural resources:
      copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      350 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall, and most potable resources concentrated in the Turkish Cypriot area); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization

        natural hazards:
        moderate earthquake activity

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

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