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Cyprus


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Cyprus

        conventional short form:
        Cyprus

        note:
        the Turkish area refers to itself as the "Turkish Republic" or the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus"

    • Abbreviation:
      the Turkish area is sometimes referred to as the TRNC which is short for "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus"

    • Digraph:
      CY

    • Type:
      republic

        note:
        a disaggregation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began after the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified following the Turkish invasion of the island in July 1974, which gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot President Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), which has been recognized only by Turkey; both sides publicly call for the resolution of intercommunal differences and creation of a new federal system of government

    • Capital:
      Nicosia

        note:
        the Turkish area's capital is Lefkosa (Nicosia)

    • Administrative divisions:
      6 districts; Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos; note - Turkish area administrative divisions include Kyrenia, all but a small part of Famagusta, and small parts of Nicosia and Larnaca

    • Independence:
      16 August 1960 (from UK)

        note:
        Turkish area proclaimed self-rule on NA February 1975 from Republic of Cyprus

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 1 October

        note:
        Turkish area celebrates 15 November as Independence Day

    • Constitution:
      16 August 1960; negotiations to create the basis for a new or revised constitution to govern the island and to better relations between Greek and Turkish Cypriots have been held intermittently; in 1975 Turkish Cypriots created their own Constitution and governing bodies within the "Turkish Federated State of Cyprus," which was renamed the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" in 1983; a new Constitution for the Turkish area passed by referendum on 5 May 1985

    • Legal system:
      based on common law, with civil law modifications

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        President Glafcos CLERIDES (since 28 February 1993); election last held 14 February 1993 (next to be held February 1998); results - Glafkos CLERIDES 50.3%, George VASSILIOU 49.7%

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed jointly by the president and vice-president

        note:
        Rauf R. DENKTASH has been president of the Turkish area since 13 February 1975; Hakki ATUN has been prime minister of the Turkish area since 1 January 1994; there is a Council of Ministers (cabinet) in the Turkish area; elections last held 15 and 22 April 1995 (next to be held April 2000); results - Rauf R. DENKTASH 62.5%, Dervis EROGLU 37.5%

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Greek area: House of Representatives (Vouli Antiprosopon):
        elections last held 19 May 1991 (next to be held NA); results - DISY 35.8%, AKEL (Communist) 30.6%, DIKO 19.5%, EDEK 10.9%; others 3.2%; seats - (56 total) DISY 20, AKEL (Communist) 18, DIKO 11, EDEK 7

        Turkish area: Assembly of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Meclisi):
        elections last held 12 December 1993 (next to be held NA); results - UBP 29.9%, DP 29.2%, CTP 24.2% TKP 13.3%, others 3.4%; seats - (50 total) UBP (conservative) 15, DP 16, CTP 13, TKP 5, UDP 1

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court; note - there is also a Supreme Court in the Turkish area

    • Political parties and leaders:

        Greek area:
        Progressive Party of the Working People (AKEL, Communist Party), Dimitrios CHRISTOFIAS; Democratic Rally (DISY), John MATSIS; Democratic Party (DIKO), Spyros KYPRIANOU; United Democratic Union of the Center (EDEK), Vassos LYSSARIDIS; Socialist Democratic Renewal Movement (ADISOK), Mikhalis PAPAPETROU; Liberal Party, Nikos ROLANDIS; Free Democrats, George VASSILIOU

        Turkish area:
        National Unity Party (UBP), Dervis EROGLU; Communal Liberation Party (TKP), Mustafa AKINCI; Republican Turkish Party (CTP), Ozker OZGUR; New Cyprus Party (YKP), Alpay DURDURAN; Free Democratic Party (HDP), Ismet KOTAK; National Justice Party (MAP), Zorlu TORE; Unity and Sovereignty Party (BEP), Arif Salih KIRDAG; Democratic Party (DP), Hakki ATUN; Fatherland Party (VP), Orhan UCOK; National Birth Party (UDP); the HDP, MAP, and VP merged under the label National Struggle Unity Party (MMBP) to compete in the 12 December 1993 legislative election

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      United Democratic Youth Organization (EDON, Communist controlled); Union of Cyprus Farmers (EKA, Communist controlled); Cyprus Farmers Union (PEK, pro-West); Pan-Cyprian Labor Federation (PEO, Communist controlled); Confederation of Cypriot Workers (SEK, pro-West); Federation of Turkish Cypriot Labor Unions (Turk-Sen); Confederation of Revolutionary Labor Unions (Dev-Is)

    • Member of:
      C, CCC, CE, EBRD, ECE, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS (associate), ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Andreas J. JACOVIDES

        chancery:
        2211 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 462-5772

        consulate(s) general:
        New York

        note:
        Representative of the Turkish area in the US is Namik KORMAN, office at 1667 K Street NW, Washington, DC, telephone [1] (202) 887-6198

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Richard A. BOUCHER

        embassy:
        corner of Metochiou and Ploutarchou Streets, Engomi, Nicosia

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 4536 APO AE 09836

        telephone:
        [357] (2) 476100

        FAX:
        [357] (2) 465944

    • Flag:
      white with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities

        note:
        the Turkish Cypriot flag has a horizontal red stripe at the top and bottom between which is a red crescent and red star on a white field






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