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Iraq


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Iraq

        conventional short form:
        Iraq

        local long form:
        Al Jumhuriyah al Iraqiyah

        local short form:
        Al Iraq

    • Digraph:
      IZ

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Baghdad

    • Administrative divisions:
      18 provinces (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Anbar, Al Basrah, Al Muthanna, Al Qadisiyah, An Najaf, Arbil, As Sulaymaniyah, At Ta'mim, Babil, Baghdad, Dahuk, Dhi Qar, Diyala, Karbala', Maysan, Ninawa, Salah ad Din, Wasit

    • Independence:
      3 October 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

    • National holiday:
      Anniversary of the Revolution, 17 July (1968)

    • Constitution:
      22 September 1968, effective 16 July 1970 (provisional Constitution); new constitution drafted in 1990 but not adopted

    • Legal system:
      based on Islamic law in special religious courts, civil law system elsewhere; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President SADDAM Husayn (since 16 July 1979); Vice President Taha Muhyi al-Din MARUF (since 21 April 1974); Vice President Taha Yasin RAMADAN (since 23 March 1991)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister SADDAM Husayn (since NA May 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Mikhail AZIZ (since NA 1979)

        Revolutionary Command Council:
        Chairman SADDAM Husayn, Vice Chairman Izzat IBRAHIM al-Duri

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly (Majlis al-Watani):
        elections last held on 1 April 1989 (next to be held NA); results - Sunni Arabs 53%, Shi'a Arabs 30%, Kurds 15%, Christians 2% (est.); seats - (250 total) number of seats by party NA

        note:
        in northern Iraq, a "Kurdish Assembly" was elected in May 1992 and calls for Kurdish self-determination within a federated Iraq; the assembly is not recognized by the Baghdad government

    • Judicial branch:
      Court of Cassation

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Ba'th Party

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      political parties and activity severely restricted; opposition to regime from disaffected members of the Ba'th Party, Army officers, and Shi'a religious and ethnic Kurdish dissidents; the Green Party (government-controlled)

    • Member of:
      ABEDA, ACC, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-19, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Iraq has an Interest Section in the Algerian Embassy in Washington, DC

        chancery:
        Iraqi Interests Section, 1801 P Street NW, Washington, DC 20036

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 483-7500

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 462-5066

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        (vacant); note - operations have been temporarily suspended; a US Interests Section is located in Poland's embassy in Baghdad

        embassy:
        Masbah Quarter (opposite the Foreign Ministry Club), Baghdad

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 2447 Alwiyah, Baghdad

        telephone:
        [964] (1) 719-6138, 719-6139, 718-1840, 719-3791

        FAX:
        Telex 212287

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with three green five-pointed stars in a horizontal line centered in the white band; the phrase ALLAHU AKBAR (God is Great) in green Arabic script - Allahu to the right of the middle star and Akbar to the left of the middle star - was added in January 1991 during the Persian Gulf crisis; similar to the flag of Syria that has two stars but no script and the flag of Yemen that has a plain white band; also similar to the flag of Egypt that has a symbolic eagle centered in the white band






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Revised 13-August-1997