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Iraq


    • Railroads:

        total:
        2,457 km

        standard gauge:
        2,457 km 1.435-m gauge

    • Highways:

        total:
        45,550 km

        paved:
        38,400 km

        unpaved:
        7,150 km (1989 est.)

    • Inland waterways:
      1,015 km; Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 meters and is in use; Tigris and Euphrates Rivers have navigable sections for shallow-draft watercraft; Shatt al Basrah canal was navigable by shallow-draft craft before closing in 1991 because of the Persian Gulf war

    • Pipelines:
      crude oil 4,350 km; petroleum products 725 km; natural gas 1,360 km

    • Ports:
      Umm Qasr, Khawr az Zubayr, and Al Basrah have limited functionality

    • Merchant marine:

        total:
        36 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 795,346 GRT/1,431,154 DWT

        ships by type:
        cargo 14, oil tanker 16, passenger 1, passenger-cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 3

    • Airports:

        total:
        121

        with paved runways over 3,047 m:
        21

        with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m:
        34

        with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m:
        8

        with paved runways 914 to 1,523 m:
        7

        with paved runways under 914 m:
        22

        with unpaved runways over 3,047 m:
        3

        with unpaved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m:
        5

        with unpaved runways 1,524 to 2,438 m:
        5

        with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m:
        16






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