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Iraq


    • Population:
      20,643,769 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        48% (female 4,850,028; male 5,009,513)

        15-64 years:
        49% (female 5,021,710; male 5,125,191)

        65 years and over:
        3% (female 338,790; male 298,537) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      3.72% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      43.6 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      6.82 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      62.4 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        66.52 years

        male:
        65.54 years

        female:
        67.56 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      6.56 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Iraqi(s)

        adjective:
        Iraqi

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%

    • Religions:
      Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%

    • Languages:
      Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian

    • Literacy:
      age 15-45 can read and write (1985)

        total population:
        89%

        male:
        90%

        female:
        88%

    • Labor force:
      4.4 million (1989)

        by occupation:
        services 48%, agriculture 30%, industry 22%

        note:
        severe labor shortage; expatriate labor force was about 1,600,000 (July 1990); since then, it has declined substantially






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