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Moldova


    • Location:
      Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania

    • Map references:
      Commonwealth of Independent States - European States

    • Area:

        total area:
        33,700 sq km

        land area:
        33,700 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than twice the size of Hawaii

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,389 km, Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      certain territory of Moldova and Ukraine - including Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina - are considered by Bucharest as historically a part of Romania; this territory was incorporated into the former Soviet Union following the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1940

    • Climate:
      moderate winters, warm summers

    • Terrain:
      rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea

    • Natural resources:
      lignite, phosphorites, gypsum

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        50%

        permanent crops:
        13%

        meadows and pastures:
        9%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        28%

    • Irrigated land:
      2,920 sq km (1990)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

    • Note:
      landlocked






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