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Moldova


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Moldova

        conventional short form:
        Moldova

        local long form:
        Republica Moldova

        local short form:
        none

        former:
        Soviet Socialist Republic of Moldova; Moldavia

    • Digraph:
      MD

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Chisinau

    • Administrative divisions:
      previously divided into 40 rayons; new districts possible under new constitution in 1994

    • Independence:
      27 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 27 August 1991

    • Constitution:
      new constitution adopted NA July 1994; replaces old Soviet constitution of 1979

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction but accepts many UN and OSCE documents

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Mircea SNEGUR (since 3 September 1990); election last held 8 December 1991 (next to be held NA 1996); results - Mircea SNEGUR ran unopposed and won 98.17% of vote; note - President SNEGUR was named executive president by the Supreme Soviet on 3 September 1990 and was confirmed by popular election on 8 December 1991

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Andrei SANGHELI (since 1 July 1992; reappointed 5 April 1994 after elections for new legislature); First Deputy Prime Minister Ion GUTU (since NA)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president on recommendation of the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Parliament:
        elections last held 27 February 1994 (next to be held NA 1999); results - percent by party NA; seats - (104 total) Agrarian-Democratic Party 56, Socialist/Yedinstvo Bloc 28, Peasants and Intellectual Bloc 11, Christian Democratic Popular Front 9

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Christian Democratic Popular Front (formerly Moldovan Popular Front), Iurie ROSCA, chairman; Yedinstvo Intermovement, Vladimir SOLONARI, chairman; Social Democratic Party, Oazu NANTOI, chairman, two other chairmen; Agrarian-Democratic Party, Dumitru MOTPAN, chairman; Democratic Party, Gheorghe GHIMPU, chairman; Democratic Labor Party, Alexandru ARSENI, chairman; Reform Party, Anatol SELARU; Republican Party, Victor PUSCAS; Socialist Party, Valeriu SENIC, cochairman; Communist Party, Vladimir VORONIN, cochairman; Peasants and Intellectuals Bloc

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      United Council of Labor Collectives (UCLC), Igor SMIRNOV, chairman; Congress of Intellectuals, Alexandru MOSANU; The Ecology Movement of Moldova (EMM), G. MALARCHUK, chairman; The Christian Democratic League of Women of Moldova (CDLWM), L. LARI, chairman; National Christian Party of Moldova (NCPM), D. TODIKE, M. BARAGA, V. NIKU, leaders; The Peoples Movement Gagauz Khalky (GKh), S. GULGAR, leader; The Democratic Party of Gagauzia (DPG), G. SAVOSTIN, chairman; The Alliance of Working People of Moldova (AWPM), G. POLOGOV, president; Christian Alliance for Greater Romania; Stefan the Great Movement; Liberal Convention of Moldova; Association of Victims of Repression; Christian Democratic Youth League

    • Member of:
      BSEC, CE (guest), CIS, EBRD, ECE, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NACC, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Nicolae TAU

        chancery:
        Suites 329, 333, 1511 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20005

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 783-3012

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 783-3342

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Mary C. PENDLETON

        embassy:
        Strada Alexei Mateevich #103, Chisinau

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [373] (2) 23-37-72

        FAX:
        [373] (2) 23-30-44

    • Flag:
      same color scheme as Romania - 3 equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; emblem in center of flag is of a Roman eagle of gold outlined in black with a red beak and talons carrying a yellow cross in its beak and a green olive branch in its right talons and a yellow scepter in its left talons; on its breast is a shield divided horizontally red over blue with a stylized ox head, star, rose, and crescent all in black-outlined yellow






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