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Moldova


    • Population:
      4,489,657 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        27% (female 588,155; male 609,372)

        15-64 years:
        64% (female 1,487,170; male 1,386,293)

        65 years and over:
        9% (female 258,958; male 159,709) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      0.36% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      15.93 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      10.05 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      -2.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      29.8 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        68.22 years

        male:
        64.81 years

        female:
        71.8 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      2.16 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Moldovan(s)

        adjective:
        Moldovan

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Moldavian/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%, Gagauz 3.5%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, other 1.7% (1989 figures)

        note:
        internal disputes with ethnic Russians and Ukrainians in the Dniester region and Gagauz Turks in the south

    • Religions:
      Eastern Orthodox 98.5%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist (only about 1,000 members) (1991)

        note:
        the large majority of churchgoers are ethnic Moldavian

    • Languages:
      Moldovan (official; virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1989)

        total population:
        96%

        male:
        99%

        female:
        94%

    • Labor force:
      2.03 million (January 1994)

        by occupation:
        agriculture 34.4%, industry 20.1%, other 45.5% (1985 figures)






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