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Russia


    • Telephone system:
      24,400,000 telephones; 20,900,000 telephones in urban areas and 3,500,000 telephones in rural areas; of these, total installed in homes 15,400,000; total pay phones for long distant calls 34,100; about 164 telephones/1,000 persons; Russia is enlisting foreign help, by means of joint ventures, to speed up the modernization of its telecommunications system; in 1992, only 661,000 new telephones were installed compared with 855,000 in 1991, and in 1992 the number of unsatisfied applications for telephones reached 11,000,000; expanded access to international E-mail service available via Sprint network; the inadequacy of Russian telecommunications is a severe handicap to the economy, especially with respect to international connections

        local:
        NMT-450 analog cellular telephone networks are operational and growing in Moscow and St. Petersburg

        intercity:
        intercity fiberoptic cable installation remains limited

        international:
        international traffic is handled by an inadequate system of satellites, land lines, microwave radio relay and outdated submarine cables; this traffic passes through the international gateway switch in Moscow which carries most of the international traffic for the other countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States; a new Russian Raduga satellite will link Moscow and St. Petersburg with Rome from whence calls will be relayed to destinations in Europe and overseas; satellite earth stations - INTELSAT, Intersputnik, Eutelsat (Moscow), INMARSAT, Orbita

    • Radio:

        broadcast stations:
        AM 1,050, FM 1,050, shortwave 1,050

        radios:
        48.8 million (radio receivers with multiple speaker systems for program diffusion 74,300,000)

    • Television:

        broadcast stations:
        7,183

        televisions:
        54.2 million






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