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Russia


    • Railroads:

        total:
        154,000 km; note - 87,000 km in common carrier service (49,000 km diesel; and 38,000 km electrified); 67,000 km serve specific industries and are not available for common carrier use

        broad gauge:
        154,000 km 1.520-m gauge (1 January 1994)

    • Highways:

        total:
        934,000 km (445,000 km serve specific industries or farms and are not available for common carrier use)

        paved and graveled:
        725,000 km

        unpaved:
        209,000 km (1 January 1994)

    • Inland waterways:
      total navigable routes in general use 101,000 km; routes with navigation guides serving the Russian River Fleet 95,900 km; of which routes with night navigational aids 60,400 km; man-made navigable routes 16,900 km (1 January 1994)

    • Pipelines:
      crude oil 48,000 km; petroleum products 15,000 km; natural gas 140,000 km (30 June 1993)

    • Ports:
      Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', Kaliningrad, Kazan', Khabarovsk, Kholmsk, Krasnoyarsk, Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Nevel'sk, Novorossiysk, Petropavlovsk, St. Petersburg, Rostov, Sochi, Tuapse, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vostochnyy, Vyborg

    • Merchant marine:

        total:
        800 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,295,109 GRT/10,128,579 DWT

        ships by type:
        barge carrier 2, bulk cargo 26, cargo 424, chemical tanker 7, combination bulk 22, combination ore/oil 16, container 81, multifunction large-load carrier 3, oil tanker 111, passenger 4, passenger-cargo 5, refrigerated cargo 19, roll-on/roll-off cargo 62, short-sea passenger 16, specialized tanker 2

        note:
        in addition, Russia owns 235 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,084,439 DWT that operate under Maltese, Cypriot, Liberian, Panamanian, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Honduran, Marshall Islands, Bahamian, and Vanuatu registry

    • Airports:

        total:
        2,517

        with paved runways over 3,047 m:
        54

        with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m:
        202

        with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m:
        108

        with paved runways 914 to 1,523 m:
        115

        with paved runways under 914 m:
        151

        with unpaved runways over 3,047 m:
        25

        with unpaved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m:
        45

        with unpaved runways 1,524 to 2,438 m:
        134

        with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m:
        291

        with unpaved runways under 914 m:
        1,392






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