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Tanzania


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        United Republic of Tanzania

        conventional short form:
        Tanzania

        former:
        United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar

    • Digraph:
      TZ

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Dar es Salaam

        note:
        some government offices have been transferred to Dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital by the end of the 1990s

    • Administrative divisions:
      25 regions; Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West, Ziwa Magharibi

    • Independence:
      26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from UN trusteeship under British administration); Zanzibar became independent 19 December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964

    • National holiday:
      Union Day, 26 April (1964)

    • Constitution:
      25 April 1977; major revisions October 1984

    • Legal system:
      based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Ali Hassan MWINYI (since 5 November 1985); First Vice President Cleopa MSUYA (since 5 December 1994); Second Vice President and President of Zanzibar Salmin AMOUR (since 9 November 1990) election last held 28 October 1990 (next to be held 29 October 1995); results - Ali Hassan MWINYI was elected without opposition

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Cleopa David MSUYA (since 7 December 1994)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the president from the National Assembly

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly (Bunge):
        elections last held 28 October 1990 (next to be held 29 October 1995); results - CCM was the only party; seats - (241 total, 168 elected) CCM 168

    • Judicial branch:
      Court of Appeal, High Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM or Revolutionary Party), Ali Hassan MWINYI; Civic United Front (CUF), James MAPALALA; National Convention for Construction and Reform (NCCR), Lyatonga (Augustine) MREMA; Union for Multiparty Democracy (UMD), Abdullah FUNDIKIRA; Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA), Edwin I. M. MTEI, chairman; Democratic Party (unregistered), Reverend MTIKLA

    • Member of:
      ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, FLS, G- 6, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Charles Musama NYIRABU

        chancery:
        2139 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 939-6125

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 797-7408

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Brady ANDERSON

        embassy:
        36 Laibon Road (off Bagamoyo Road), Dar es Salaam

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 9123, Dar es Salaam

        telephone:
        [255] (51) 66010 through 66015

        FAX:
        [255] (51) 66701

    • Flag:
      divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is blue

    • Overview:
      Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for about 58% of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 90% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 5% of the land area. Industry accounts for 8% of GDP and is mainly limited to processing agricultural products and light consumer goods. The economic recovery program announced in mid-1986 has generated notable increases in agricultural production and financial support for the program by bilateral donors. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's deteriorated economic infrastructure. Growth in 1991-94 has featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment.

    • National product:
      GDP - purchasing power parity - $21 billion (1994 est.)

    • National product real growth rate:
      3% (1994 est.)

    • National product per capita:
      $750 (1994 est.)

    • Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      25% (1994 est.)

    • Unemployment rate:
      NA%

    • Budget:

        revenues:
        $495 million

        expenditures:
        $631 million, including capital expenditures of $118 million (1990 est.)

    • Exports:
      $462 million (f.o.b., 1994)

        commodities:
        coffee, cotton, tobacco, tea, cashew nuts, sisal

        partners:
        Germany, UK, Japan, Netherlands, Kenya, Hong Kong, US

    • Imports:
      $1.4 billion (c.i.f., 1994)

        commodities:
        manufactured goods, machinery and transportation equipment, cotton piece goods, crude oil, foodstuffs

        partners:
        Germany, UK, US, Japan, Italy, Denmark

    • External debt:
      $6.7 billion (1993)

    • Industrial production:
      growth rate 9.3% (1990); accounts for 8% of GDP

    • Electricity:

        capacity:
        440,000 kW

        production:
        880 million kWh

        consumption per capita:
        30 kWh (1993)

    • Industries:
      primarily agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refining, shoes, cement, textiles, wood products, fertilizer






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