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Tanzania


    • Population:
      28,701,077 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        47% (female 6,724,575; male 6,676,652)

        15-64 years:
        50% (female 7,462,615; male 7,027,551)

        65 years and over:
        3% (female 425,211; male 384,473) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      2.55% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      45.25 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      19.81 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      NA migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

        note:
        in February 1995, a fresh influx of refugees from civil strife in Burundi brought the total number of Burundian refugees in Tanzania to about 60,000; in addition, since April 1994 more than a half million refugees from Rwanda have taken refuge in Tanzania to escape civil strife in Rwanda

    • Infant mortality rate:
      109 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        42.53 years

        male:
        40.88 years

        female:
        44.22 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      6.15 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Tanzanian(s)

        adjective:
        Tanzanian

    • Ethnic divisions:

        mainland:
        native African 99% (consisting of well over 100 tribes), Asian, European, and Arab 1%

        Zanzibar:
        NA

    • Religions:

        mainland:
        Christian 45%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 20%

        Zanzibar:
        Muslim 99% plus

    • Languages:
      Swahili (official; widely understood and generally used for communication between ethnic groups and is used in primary education), English (official; primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)

        note:
        first language of most people is one of the local languages

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over has ability to read and write a letter or message in Kisahili (1988)

        total population:
        59%

        male:
        71%

        female:
        48%

    • Labor force:
      732,200 wage earners

        by occupation:
        agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 10% (1986 est.)






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