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    Philippines Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/philippines/philippines_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: In 1998, the Philippine economy - a mixture of agriculture, light industry, and supporting services - deteriorated as a result of spillover from the Asian financial crisis and poor weather conditions. Growth fell to 0.6% in 1998 from 5% in 1997, but recovered to about 3.4% in 1999, 4% in 2000, and 3.4% in 2001. In 2002, the Philippines recorded GDP growth of about 4.6% but also incurred a record budget deficit. As a result, the Philippines is burdened with a public sector debt equal to more than 100% of GDP. The government has promised economic reforms including going forward with privatization, reforming the tax system, and promoting additional trade integration within its region.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $356 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 4.6% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,200 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 15%
      industry: 31%
      services: 54% (2001 est.)


      Population below poverty line: 40% (2001 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.5%
      highest 10%: 39.3% (1998)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 46.2 (1997)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.1% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 33.7 million (2002)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 39.8%, government and social services 19.4%, services 17.7%, manufacturing 9.8%, construction 5.8%, other 7.5% (1998 est.)


      Unemployment rate: 10.2% (2002)


      Budget: revenues: $10.9 billion
      expenditures: $15 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2002 est.)


      Industries: textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, electronics assembly, petroleum refining, fishing


      Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2000 est.)


      Electricity - production: 45.21 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 55.6%
      hydro: 17.5%
      other: 26.9% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 42.04 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 8,460 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 343,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA


      Oil - imports: NA


      Oil - proved reserves: 164 million bbl (January 2002 est.)


      Natural gas - proved reserves: 104.6 billion cu m (January 2002 est.)


      Agriculture - products: rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish


      Exports: $35.1 billion f.o.b. (2002)


      Exports - commodities: electronic equipment, machinery and transport equipment, garments, coconut products, chemicals


      Exports - partners: US 28.4%, Japan 15.9%, Taiwan 6.3%, Singapore 6.2%, Netherlands 6.1%, Hong Kong 5.3% (2002)


      Imports: $33.5 billion f.o.b. (2002)


      Imports - commodities: raw materials, machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals


      Imports - partners: Japan 22.7%, US 20.1%, Singapore 8.4%, South Korea 5.3%, Taiwan 4.4% (2002)


      Debt - external: $60.3 billion (2002)


      Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $1.1 billion (1998)


      Currency: Philippine peso (PHP)


      Currency code: PHP


      Exchange rates: Philippine pesos per US dollar - 51.673 (2002), 50.9926 (2001), 44.1922 (2000), 39.089 (1999), 40.893 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Philippines on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Philippines Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/philippines/philippines_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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