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    Philippines Geography - 2003

      Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

      Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 122 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      Area: total: 300,000 sq km
      water: 1,830 sq km
      land: 298,170 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Arizona

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 36,289 km

      Maritime claims: continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 NM from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 NM in breadth
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate: tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

      Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m

      Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

      Land use: arable land: 18.45%
      permanent crops: 14.76%
      other: 66.79% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 15,500 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues: uncontrolled deforestation in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in Manila; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: favorably located in relation to many of Southeast Asia's main water bodies: the South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait

      NOTE: The information regarding Philippines on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Philippines Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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