Djibouti Geography 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Djibouti Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Djibouti Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia

Geographic coordinates:
11 30 N, 43 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 23,200 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 23,180 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 20 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 151

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than New Jersey
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 528 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (3): Eritrea 125 km, Ethiopia 342 km, Somalia 61 km

Coastline:
314 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
desert; torrid, dry
More Climate Details

Terrain:
coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 430 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m highest point: Moussa Ali 2,021 m

Natural resources:
potential geothermal power, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum

Land use:
agricultural land: 73.4% arable land 0.1%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 73.3%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 0.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 26.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
10 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
most densely populated areas are in the east; the largest city is Djibouti, with a population over 600,000; no other city in the country has a total population over 50,000

Natural hazards:
earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods
volcanism: experiences limited volcanic activity; Ardoukoba (298 m) last erupted in 1978; Manda-Inakir, located along the Ethiopian border, is also historically active

Environment - current issues:
inadequate supplies of potable water; limited arable land; desertification; endangered species

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point in Africa and the saltiest lake in the world


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Djibouti on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Djibouti Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Djibouti Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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