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Djibouti PEOPLE 2017
http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/djibouti/djibouti_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Djibouti PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
846,687 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 163
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Djiboutian(s)
adjective: Djiboutian

Ethnic groups:
Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

Languages:
French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Religions:
Muslim 94%, Christian 6%

Demographic profile:
Djibouti is a poor, predominantly urban country, characterized by high rates of illiteracy, unemployment, and childhood malnutrition. More than 75% of the population lives in cities and towns (predominantly in the capital, Djibouti). The rural population subsists primarily on nomadic herding. Prone to droughts and floods, the country has few natural resources and must import more than 80% of its food from neighboring countries or Europe. Health care, particularly outside the capital, is limited by poor infrastructure, shortages of equipment and supplies, and a lack of qualified personnel. More than a third of health care recipients are migrants because the services are still better than those available in their neighboring home countries. The nearly universal practice of female genital cutting reflects Djibouti’s lack of gender equality and is a major contributor to obstetrical complications and its high rates of maternal and infant mortality. A 1995 law prohibiting the practice has never been enforced. Because of its political stability and its strategic location at the confluence of East Africa and the Gulf States along the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, Djibouti is a key transit point for migrants and asylum seekers heading for the Gulf States and beyond. Each year some hundred thousand people, mainly Ethiopians and some Somalis, journey through Djibouti, usually to the port of Obock, to attempt a dangerous sea crossing to Yemen. However, with the escalation of the ongoing Yemen conflict, Yemenis began fleeing to Djibouti in March 2015, with more than 35,000 arriving by April 2016. Most Yemenis remain unregistered and head for Djibouti City rather than seeking asylum at one of Djibouti’s three spartan refugee camps. Djibouti has been hosting refugees and asylum seekers, predominantly Somalis and lesser numbers of Ethiopians and Eritreans, at camps for 20 years, despite lacking potable water, food shortages, and unemployment.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 31.71% (male 134,604/female 133,840)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.54% (male 85,805/female 96,587)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 38.37% (male 134,945/female 189,930)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.7% (male 18,257/female 21,538)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.68% (male 13,992/female 17,189) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 58.5%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 51.9%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 6.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 15.1% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 23.5 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 21.8 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 24.9 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 166

Population growth rate:
2.18% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
23.6 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
5.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 77.3% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
DJIBOUTI (capital) 529,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.71 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.84 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
229 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 47.2 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 54.1 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 40.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 40

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 63.2 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 60.7 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 65.8 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 189

Total fertility rate:
2.35 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
19% (2012)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
10.6% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 44
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 97.4% of population rural: 64.7% of population total: 90% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 2.6% of population rural: 35.3% of population total: 10% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 59.8% of population rural: 5.1% of population total: 47.4% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 40.2% of population rural: 94.9% of population total: 52.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.55% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
9,400 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
600 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
8.5% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 134
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
29.8% (2012)
country comparison to the world: 14
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
4.5% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 11
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 6 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 7 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 6 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 13,176
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 8% (2006 est.)


[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Djibouti on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Djibouti PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Djibouti PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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