Djibouti PEOPLE 2018, CIA World Factbook
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Djibouti PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Djibouti PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
865,267 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 162
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Djiboutian(s)
adjective: Djiboutian

Ethnic groups:
Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

Languages:
French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Religions:
Muslim 94%, Christian 6%

Demographic profile:
Djibouti is a poor, predominantly urban country, characterized by high rates of illiteracy, unemployment, and childhood malnutrition. More than 75% of the population lives in cities and towns (predominantly in the capital, Djibouti). The rural population subsists primarily on nomadic herding. Prone to droughts and floods, the country has few natural resources and must import more than 80% of its food from neighboring countries or Europe. Health care, particularly outside the capital, is limited by poor infrastructure, shortages of equipment and supplies, and a lack of qualified personnel. More than a third of health care recipients are migrants because the services are still better than those available in their neighboring home countries. The nearly universal practice of female genital cutting reflects Djibouti’s lack of gender equality and is a major contributor to obstetrical complications and its high rates of maternal and infant mortality. A 1995 law prohibiting the practice has never been enforced. Because of its political stability and its strategic location at the confluence of East Africa and the Gulf States along the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, Djibouti is a key transit point for migrants and asylum seekers heading for the Gulf States and beyond. Each year some hundred thousand people, mainly Ethiopians and some Somalis, journey through Djibouti, usually to the port of Obock, to attempt a dangerous sea crossing to Yemen. However, with the escalation of the ongoing Yemen conflict, Yemenis began fleeing to Djibouti in March 2015, with almost 20,000 arriving by August 2017. Most Yemenis remain unregistered and head for Djibouti City rather than seeking asylum at one of Djibouti’s three spartan refugee camps. Djibouti has been hosting refugees and asylum seekers, predominantly Somalis and lesser numbers of Ethiopians and Eritreans, at camps for 20 years, despite lacking potable water, food shortages, and unemployment.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 31.14% (male 135,151/female 134,312)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.32% (male 86,820/female 97,656)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 39.03% (male 140,242/female 197,484)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.75% (male 18,593/female 22,515)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.76% (male 14,559/female 17,935) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 56.5
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 50.1
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 6.4
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 15.6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 23.9 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 22.1 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 25.3 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 167

Population growth rate:
2.16% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
23.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 108
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
most densely populated areas are in the east; the largest city is Djibouti, with a population over 600,000; no other city in the country has a total population over 50,000

Urbanization:
urban population: 77.5% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.52% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
DJIBOUTI (capital) 529,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.71 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.84 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Maternal mortality ratio:
229 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 45.8 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 52.6 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 38.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 39

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 63.6 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 61 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 66.2 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 191
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
2.31 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 89
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
19% (2012)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
10.6% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 17
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 97.4% of population rural: 64.7% of population total: 90% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.6% of population rural: 35.3% of population total: 10% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 59.8% of population rural: 5.1% of population total: 47.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 40.2% of population rural: 94.9% of population total: 52.6% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.3% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 37
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
8,600 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
<1000 (2016 est.)
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
13.5% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 131
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
29.8% (2012)
country comparison to the world: 14
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
4.5% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 11

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 6 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 7 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 6 years (2011)


[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Djibouti on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Djibouti PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Djibouti PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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