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Mali Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Mali Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
interior Western Africa, southwest of Algeria, north of Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso, west of Niger

Geographic coordinates:
17 00 N, 4 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 1,240,192 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 1,220,190 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 20,002 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 25

Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of Texas


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 7,908 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (7): Algeria 1359 km, Burkina Faso 1325 km, Cote d'Ivoire 599 km, Guinea 1062 km, Mauritania 2236 km, Niger 838 km, Senegal 489 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
subtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy, humid, and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 343 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 23 m lowest point: Senegal River
1155 highest point: Hombori Tondo

Natural resources:
gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower, note, bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

Land use:
agricultural land: 34.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 5.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 28.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 10.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 55.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,780 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the overwhelming majority of the population lives in the southern half of the country, with greater density along the border with Burkina Faso

Natural hazards:
hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; loss of pasture land; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Mali on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mali Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mali Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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