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Mali PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/mali/mali_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Mali PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
17,467,108 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Malian(s)
adjective: Malian

Ethnic groups:
Bambara 34.1%, Fulani (Peul) 14.7%, Sarakole 10.8%, Senufo 10.5%, Dogon 8.9%, Malinke 8.7%, Bobo 2.9%, Songhai 1.6%, Tuareg 0.9%, other Malian 6.1%, from member of Economic Community of West African States 0.3%, other 0.4% (2012-13 est.)

Languages:
French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/Foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/Soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/Djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, Bobo 2.1%, unspecified 0.7%, other 6.3%
note: Mali has 13 national languages in addition to its official language (2009 est.)

Religions:
Muslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3% (2009 est.)

Demographic profile:
Mali’s total population is expected to double by 2035; its capital Bamako is one of the fastest-growing cities in Africa. A young age structure, a declining mortality rate, and a sustained high total fertility rate of 6 children per woman – the third highest in the world – ensure continued rapid population growth for the foreseeable future. Significant outmigration only marginally tempers this growth. Despite decreases, Mali’s infant, child, and maternal mortality rates remain among the highest in sub-Saharan Africa because of limited access to and adoption of family planning, early childbearing, short birth intervals, the prevalence of female genital cutting, infrequent use of skilled birth attendants, and a lack of emergency obstetrical and neonatal care. Mali’s high total fertility rate has been virtually unchanged for decades, as a result of the ongoing preference for large families, early childbearing, the lack of female education and empowerment, poverty, and extremely low contraceptive use. Slowing Mali’s population growth by lowering its birth rate will be essential for poverty reduction, improving food security, and developing human capital and the economy. Mali has a long history of seasonal migration and emigration driven by poverty, conflict, demographic pressure, unemployment, food insecurity, and droughts. Many Malians from rural areas migrate during the dry period to nearby villages and towns to do odd jobs or to adjoining countries to work in agriculture or mining. Pastoralists and nomads move seasonally to southern Mali or nearby coastal states. Others migrate long term to Mali’s urban areas, Cote d’Ivoire, other neighboring countries, and in smaller numbers to France, Mali’s former colonial ruler. Since the early 1990s, Mali’s role has grown as a transit country for regional migration flows and illegal migration to Europe. Human smugglers and traffickers exploit the same regional routes used for moving contraband drugs, arms, and cigarettes. Between early 2012 and 2013, renewed fighting in northern Mali between government forces and Tuareg secessionists and their Islamist allies, a French-led international military intervention, as well as chronic food shortages, caused the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Malians. Most of those displaced domestically sought shelter in urban areas of southern Mali, except for pastoralist and nomadic groups, who abandoned their traditional routes, gave away or sold their livestock, and dispersed into the deserts of northern Mali or crossed into neighboring countries. Almost all Malians who took refuge abroad (mostly Tuareg and Maure pastoralists) stayed in the region, largely in Mauritania, Niger, and Burkina Faso.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 47.27% (male 4,145,290/female 4,110,642)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.19% (male 1,601,474/female 1,751,161)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 26.82% (male 2,173,415/female 2,511,844)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 3.76% (male 327,923/female 329,296)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 2.95% (male 257,519/female 258,544) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 100.2%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 95.1%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 5%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 19.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 16.2 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 15.5 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 16.8 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 227

Population growth rate:
2.96% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
44.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the overwhelming majority of the population lives in the southern half of the country, with greater density along the border with Burkina Faso

Urbanization:
urban population: 39.9% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 5.08% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
BAMAKO (capital) 2.515 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
18.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012/13 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
587 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 100 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 106.6 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 93.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 2

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 55.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 53.9 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 57.7 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 209

Total fertility rate:
5.95 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
10.3% (2012/13)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
6.9% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 119
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 96.5% of population rural: 64.1% of population total: 77% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 3.5% of population rural: 35.9% of population total: 23% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 37.5% of population rural: 16.1% of population total: 24.7% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 62.5% of population rural: 83.9% of population total: 75.3% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.25% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
124,200 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
6,500 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
5.7% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 166
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
27.9% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.6% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 83
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 38.7%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 48.2%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 29.2% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 8 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 9 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 7 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 1,485,027
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 36% (2010 est.)
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 11.1%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: NA
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: NA (2014 est.)


[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Mali on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mali PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mali PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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