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Taiwan Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Taiwan Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China

Geographic coordinates:
23 30 N, 121 00 E

Map references:
Southeast Asia

Area:
total: 35,980 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 32,260 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 3,720 sq km
note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands
country comparison to the world: 139

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
1,566.3 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); persistent and extensive cloudiness all year

Terrain:
eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,150 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: South China Sea
3952 highest point: Yu Shan

Natural resources:
small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, asbestos, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 22.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 16.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 5.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 77.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
3,820 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
distribution exhibits a peripheral coastal settlement pattern, with the largest populations on the north and west coasts

Natural hazards:
earthquakes; typhoons

volcanism: Kueishantao Island (401 m), east of Taiwan, is its only historically active volcano, although it has not erupted in centuries

Environment - current issues:
air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal

Environment - international agreements:
party to: none of the selected agreements because of Taiwan's international status

Geography - note:
strategic location adjacent to both the Taiwan Strait and the Luzon Strait


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Taiwan on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Taiwan Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Taiwan Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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