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Taiwan PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Taiwan PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
23,508,428 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Taiwan (singular and plural)
note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan
adjective: Taiwan (or Taiwanese)

Ethnic groups:
more than 95% Han Chinese (including Hoklo, who compose approximately 70% of Taiwan's population, Hakka, and other groups originating in mainland China), 2.3% indigenous Malayo-Polynesian peoples
note: there are 16 officially recognized indigenous groups: Amis, Atayal, Bunun, Hla'alua, Kanakaravu, Kavalan, Paiwan, Puyuma, Rukai, Saisiyat, Sakizaya, Seediq, Thao, Truku, Tsou, and Yami; Amis, Paiwan, and Atayal are the largest and account for roughly 70% of the indigenous population

Languages:
Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects

Religions:
Buddhist 35.3%, Taoist 33.2%, Christian 3.9%, Taoist or Confucian folk religionist approximately 10%, none or unspecified 18.2% (2005 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 12.88% (male 1,559,074/female 1,468,319)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 12.88% (male 1,551,228/female 1,476,660)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 46.41% (male 5,445,338/female 5,463,804)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 14.12% (male 1,622,111/female 1,696,564)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 13.72% (male 1,475,534/female 1,749,796) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 35.2
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 18.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 16.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 40.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 40 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 41.5 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 46

Population growth rate:
0.17% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 186
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
8.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 219
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 58
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
distribution exhibits a peripheral coastal settlement pattern, with the largest populations on the north and west coasts

Major urban areas - population:
TAIPEI (capital) 2.666 million; Kaohsiung 1.523 million; Taichung 1.225 million; Tainan 815,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 187

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 80.2 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 77.1 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 83.6 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 40
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
1.13 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 222
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 99.7%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 97.3% (2014 est.)


[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Taiwan on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Taiwan PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Taiwan PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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