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Tonga Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/tonga/tonga_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Tonga Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates:
20 00 S, 175 00 W

Map references:
Oceania

Area:
total: 747 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 717 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 30 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 190

Area - comparative:
four times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
419 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December)

Terrain:
mostly flat islands with limestone bedrock formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic rock

Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed elevation on Kao Island 1,033 m

Natural resources:
fish, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 43.1% arable land 22.2%; permanent crops 15.3%; permanent pasture 5.6%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 12.5%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 44.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
0 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
cyclones (October to April); earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou
volcanism: moderate volcanic activity; Fonualei (elev. 180 m) has shown frequent activity in recent years, while Niuafo'ou (elev. 260 m), which last erupted in 1985, has forced evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Late and Tofua

Environment - current issues:
deforestation results as more and more land is being cleared for agriculture and settlement; some damage to coral reefs from starfish and indiscriminate coral and shell collectors; overhunting threatens native sea turtle populations

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
archipelago of 169 islands (36 inhabited)


NOTE: The information regarding Tonga on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tonga Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tonga Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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