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Tonga PEOPLE 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Tonga PEOPLE 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Population:
106,398 (July 2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Tongan(s)
adjective: Tongan

Ethnic groups:
Tongan 97%, part-Tongan 0.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified (2016 est.)

Languages:
Tongan and English 76.8%, Tongan, English, and other language 10.6%, Tongan only (official) 8.7%, English only (official) 0.7%, other 1.7%, none 2.2% (2016 est.)
note: data represent persons aged 5 and older who can read and write a simple sentence in Tongan, English, or another language

Religions:
Protestant 64.1% (includes Free Wesleyan Church 35%, Free Church of Tonga 11.9%, Church of Tonga 6.8%, Assembly of God 2.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 2.2%, Tokaikolo Christian Church 1.6%, other 4.3%), Mormon 18.6%, Roman Catholic 14.2%, other 2.4%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.1% (2016 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 33.26% (male 17,979 /female 17,404)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.69% (male 10,725 /female 10,223)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 34.69% (male 18,436 /female 18,469)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 5.81% (male 3,098 /female 3,089)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 6.56% (male 3,140 /female 3,835) (2018 est.)


[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:population pyramid
This is the population pyramid for Tonga. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 74.2 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 63.9 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 10.2 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 9.8 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 23.3 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 22.9 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 23.8 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 174

Population growth rate:
-0.1% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 204
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
21.8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 199
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-17.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 218
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
over two-thirds of the population lives on the island of Tongatapu; only 45 of the nation's 171 islands are occupied

Urbanization:
urban population: 23.1% of total population (2018)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.71% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
23,000 NUKU'ALOFA (2018)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
24.9 years (2012 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-49
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
124 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 10.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 11.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 10.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 127

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.6 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 75 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 78.3 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 85
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
3.03 children born/woman (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
34.1% (2012)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.2% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 136
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.56 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 99.7% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 99.6% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 99.6% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 0.3% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 0.4% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 97.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 89% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 91% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 11% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - total country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
48.2% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 7
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
1.9% (2012)
country comparison to the world: 112
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: can read and write Tongan and/or English (2015 est.)
total population: 99.4% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 99.3% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 99.4% (2015 est.)


[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Tonga on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tonga PEOPLE 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tonga PEOPLE 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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