India Energy - 2023


SOURCE: 2023 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

Electricity access

electrification - total population: 99% (2019)

electrification - urban areas: 99% (2019)

electrification - rural areas: 99% (2019)

Electricity

installed generating capacity: 432.768 million kW (2020 est.)

consumption: 1,229,387,712,000 kWh (2019 est.)

exports: 9.491 billion kWh (2019 est.)

imports: 5.794 billion kWh (2019 est.)

transmission/distribution losses: 270.701 billion kWh (2019 est.)

comparison rankings: installed generating capacity 3; consumption 3; exports 21; imports 38; transmission/distribution losses 2

Electricity generation sources

fossil fuels: 75.5% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

nuclear: 2.8% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

solar: 4.2% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

wind: 4.6% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

hydroelectricity: 10.7% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

tide and wave: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

geothermal: 0% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

biomass and waste: 2.3% of total installed capacity (2020 est.)

Nuclear energy

Number of operational nuclear reactors: 19 (2023)

Number of nuclear reactors under construction: 8

Net capacity of operational nuclear reactors: 6.29GW (2023)

Percent of total electricity production: 3% (2021)

Percent of total energy produced: 2.7% (2021)

Number of nuclear reactors permanently shut down: 0

Coal

production: 743.214 million metric tons (2020 est.)

consumption: 883.979 million metric tons (2020 est.)

exports: 1.029 million metric tons (2020 est.)

imports: 219.212 million metric tons (2020 est.)

proven reserves: 105.931 billion metric tons (2019 est.)

Petroleum

total petroleum production: 771,400 bbl/day (2021 est.)

refined petroleum consumption: 4,920,100 bbl/day (2019 est.)

crude oil and lease condensate exports: 0 bbl/day (2018 est.)

crude oil and lease condensate imports: 4.53 million bbl/day (2018 est.)

crude oil estimated reserves: 4,604,900,000 barrels (2021 est.)

Refined petroleum products - production

4.897 million bbl/day (2015 est.)

Refined petroleum products - exports

1.305 million bbl/day (2015 est.)

Refined petroleum products - imports

653,300 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Natural gas

production: 27,734,833,000 cubic meters (2020 est.)

consumption: 61,646,806,000 cubic meters (2020 est.)

exports: 91.916 million cubic meters (2019 est.)

imports: 33,911,973,000 cubic meters (2020 est.)

proven reserves: 1,380,614,000,000 cubic meters (2021 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions

2,314,738,000 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)

from coal and metallurgical coke: 1,574,331,000 metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)

from petroleum and other liquids: 615.903 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)

from consumed natural gas: 124.505 million metric tonnes of CO2 (2019 est.)

Energy consumption per capita

23.231 million Btu/person (2019 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of India 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 10 Nov 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.