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India PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











India PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
1,281,935,911 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian

Ethnic groups:
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)

Languages:
Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 est.)

Religions:
Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.34% (male 186,087,665/female 164,398,204)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 17.9% (male 121,879,786/female 107,583,437)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 41.08% (male 271,744,709/female 254,834,569)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 7.45% (male 47,846,122/female 47,632,532)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 6.24% (male 37,837,801/female 42,091,086) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 52.2
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 43.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 8.6
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 27.9 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 27.2 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 28.6 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 139

Population growth rate:
1.17% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
19 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
with the notable exception of the deserts in the northwest, including the Thar Desert, and the mountain fringe in the north, a very high population density exists throughout most of the country; the core of the population is in the north along the banks of the Ganges, with other river valleys and southern coastal areas also having large population concentrations

Urbanization:
urban population: 33.5% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
NEW DELHI (capital) 25.703 million; Mumbai 21.043 million; Kolkata 11.766 million; Bangalore 10.087 million; Chennai 9.62 million; Hyderabad 8.944 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Maternal mortality ratio:
174 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 39.1 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 38 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 40.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 47

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 68.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 67.6 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 70.1 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 164
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
2.43 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
53.5% (2015/16)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
4.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 149
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.73 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 97.1% of population rural: 92.6% of population total: 94.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.9% of population rural: 7.4% of population total: 5.9% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 62.6% of population rural: 28.5% of population total: 39.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 37.4% of population rural: 71.5% of population total: 60.4% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.3% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
2.1 million (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
62,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
3.9% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 189
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
35.7% (2015)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.8% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 134

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.2%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 81.3%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 60.6% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 12 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 12 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 10.7%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 10.4%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 11.6% (2012 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 122


NOTE: 1) The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of India PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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