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India PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/india/india_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











India PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
1,266,883,598 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian

Ethnic groups:
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)

Languages:
Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)

Religions:
Hindu 79.8%, Muslim 14.2%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.7%, other and unspecified 2% (2011 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.71% (male 186,420,229/female 164,611,755)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 17.99% (male 121,009,850/female 106,916,692)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 40.91% (male 267,203,029/female 251,070,105)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 7.3% (male 46,398,574/female 46,105,489)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 6.09% (male 36,549,003/female 40,598,872) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 52.4%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 43.9%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 8.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 11.7% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 27.6 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 26.9 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 28.3 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 140

Population growth rate:
1.19% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
19.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 86
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 120
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 32.7% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.38% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
NEW DELHI (capital) 25.703 million; Mumbai 21.043 million; Kolkata 11.766 million; Bangalore 10.087 million; Chennai 9.62 million; Hyderabad 8.944 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
19.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2005/06 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
174 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 40.5 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 39.2 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 41.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 49

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 68.5 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 67.3 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 69.8 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 164

Total fertility rate:
2.45 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
54.8% (2007/08)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
4.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 159
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.7 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 97.1% of population rural: 92.6% of population total: 94.1% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 2.9% of population rural: 7.4% of population total: 5.9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 62.6% of population rural: 28.5% of population total: 39.6% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 37.4% of population rural: 71.5% of population total: 60.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.26% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 90
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
2,118,100 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
67,600 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
4.7% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 184
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
43.5% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.8% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 134
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.2%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 81.3%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 60.6% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 12 years (2013)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 26,965,074
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 12% (2006 est.)
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 10.7%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 10.4%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 11.6% (2012 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 97


NOTE: The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of India PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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